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What Is “Fundamental”
October 28, 2017 to January 22, 2018
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Wandering Towards a Goal
How can mindless mathematical laws give rise to aims and intention?
December 2, 2016 to March 3, 2017
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Trick or Truth: The Mysterious Connection Between Physics and Mathematics
Contest Partners: Nanotronics Imaging, The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, and The John Templeton Foundation
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How Should Humanity Steer the Future?
January 9, 2014 - August 31, 2014
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It From Bit or Bit From It
March 25 - June 28, 2013
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Questioning the Foundations
Which of Our Basic Physical Assumptions Are Wrong?
May 24 - August 31, 2012
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Is Reality Digital or Analog?
November 2010 - February 2011
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What's Ultimately Possible in Physics?
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orsi selymes: on 4/13/12 at 14:53pm UTC, wrote hi, I have written on another wall, already.. I have deduced the theory of...

Bashir Yusuf: on 7/5/11 at 13:19pm UTC, wrote Dear all, The winning essay of this contest concludes that nature is...

Bashir Yusuf: on 6/7/11 at 20:55pm UTC, wrote I have also tried to answer the questions of, What is charge? that I...

Steve Dufourny: on 3/1/11 at 20:01pm UTC, wrote Hi Bashir, Until soon, with pleasure. Have you seen or read the ideas of...

Bashir Yusuf: on 3/1/11 at 18:49pm UTC, wrote Ted Regarding the question of; Can we, together with others so inclined,...

Bashir Yusuf: on 2/27/11 at 17:40pm UTC, wrote Ted Thanks for your comment, Yes, We together with others so inclined,...

Steve Dufourny: on 2/27/11 at 14:25pm UTC, wrote If you want, I have invented several models for africa and a model against...

Steve Dufourny: on 2/26/11 at 13:23pm UTC, wrote hi dear Bashir, I am remembering,thanks.It's simplistic but the whole is...


Georgina Woodward: "Still about the anatomy of spacetime. Max Tegmark/ 10mths ago/ Closer to..." in Anatomy of spacetime and...

Stefan Weckbach: "Hi Lorraine, in the case of the crashing twin-towers, the term “top-down..." in The Present State of...

Stefan Weckbach: "Hi Steve, take also care Steve, and may the force of the three spheres be..." in The Present State of...

Jim Snowdon: "Since evolving on our rapidly rotating planet, we have used it`s rotational..." in The Quantum Clock-Maker...

Steve Dufourny: "a general universal clock of evolution irreversible correlated for me with..." in The Quantum Clock-Maker...

Georgina Woodward: "If considering existence rather than appearances, the time dimension..." in Anatomy of spacetime and...

Georgina Woodward: "Thank you. Good luck." in The Nature of Time

Lorraine Ford: "Rob, As you have not replied, I take it that you now concede that the..." in 16th Marcel Grossmann...

click titles to read articles

The Quantum Clock-Maker Investigating COVID-19, Causality, and the Trouble with AI
Sally Shrapnel, a quantum physicist and medical practitioner, on her experiments into cause-and-effect that could help us understand time’s arrow—and build better healthcare algorithms.

Connect the Quantum Dots for a New Kind of Fuel
'Artificial atoms' allow physicists to manipulate individual electrons—and could help to reduce energy wastage in electronic devices.

Can Choices Curve Spacetime?
Two teams are developing ways to detect quantum-gravitational effects in the lab.

The Quantum Engine That Simultaneously Heats and Cools
Tiny device could help boost quantum electronics.

The Quantum Refrigerator
A tiny cooling device could help rewrite the thermodynamic rule book for quantum machines.

September 18, 2021

CATEGORY: Is Reality Digital or Analog? Essay Contest (2010-2011) [back]
TOPIC: One Possible Unifing Theory by Bashir Yusuf [refresh]
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Author Bashir Yusuf wrote on Dec. 17, 2010 @ 14:47 GMT
Essay Abstract

The core Idea we postulate it is that the nature has same fundamentals. In this scientific article we will explore the broad area in physical science in different aspect and compare to existing known scientific theories. There are no remarkable contradictions with accepted theories, instead integrates and interprets to a better Unified theory. Gravity is the basic interaction and the Photon is the ultimate elementary particle that every thing is made of. Sphere is dominating shape of the Nature. Multi-Dimensions are important issue for sphere Geometry. Dark matter which has two faces is also another face of the universe’s matter. We focus particle theory in both astrophysical and subatomic particles including WIMPs MACHOs, Quarks, and Leptons. The Natures Elementary charge’s characteristic is significant in the charged subatomic particles , such as Proton, Electrons, while it is trivial in the other Neutral particles, such as Neutron, Neutrino, and Neutron star, this phenomena is seemingly based on quantum of what may called ultimate elementary particles. It is about ODD and EVEN numbers, DISORDERED and ORDERED systems. Our conclusion of particle system hierarchy is that there are two main categories due to quantity of Photons.

Author Bio

Bashir Yusuf A theoretical physics reseach Puntand State University dept. of Physics.

Download Essay PDF File

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Steve Dufourny wrote on Jan. 28, 2011 @ 12:31 GMT
Hello dear Bashir Yusuf,

Happy to see an other African scientist on this contest.It's wondeful this universality.

Happy to see also people who focus on spheres. Indeed,the sphere, is the foundamental base,basis of my theory of Spheriation,with the rotation.

Good Luck in this contest. I will comment humbly your works soon.

Best Regards

Steve walloon belgian european , a human on Earth simply

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Author Bashir Yusuf wrote on Feb. 2, 2011 @ 21:59 GMT
Hello dear Steve Dufourny,

Happy to meet you, the theory of Spheriation and many other similar theories.

the best thing human may have seems to be knowledge, so i like share it with others, so I hope we will descuss more

Best Regards

Bashir Yusuf

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Steve Dufourny replied on Feb. 18, 2011 @ 12:38 GMT
Hi dear Bashir Yusuf,

How are you, I don't see you participating on the different threads.

Hope you are well.

ps I think you make a big error saying that multidimensions exist. The 3D space time is essential for all correlations proportionals with mass.

I beleive in fact that an entanglement possesses a specif serie from the main cnetral sphere.The volumes decreases.All is the smae in thei BEC.Space light and the rotations spinals and orbitals imply the differences and the mass increases due to the polarization mass light in space(evolutive and proportional with the entropic arrow of time) you shall understand that the 3D rotating systems is essential for the polarization between mass/light.The extradimensiosn are a just a mathematical confusion.

If we consider a different sense of rot for light and its entanglement thus mommentum also....that explains the no mass , just due to a different sense of rot.

The mass polarizes thus the light, but apparently the volumes doen't change but the density yes, that's why the mass increases and the light fuses.

What do you think ?

Best Regards


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Ted Erikson wrote on Feb. 21, 2011 @ 01:38 GMT

I don't know why, bu we both seem to be guided by this:

You believe in the God who plays dice, and I in complete law and order in a world which objectively exists, and which I, in a wildly speculative way, am trying to capture. I hope that someone will discover a more realistic way, or rather a more tangible basis than it has been my lot to find. Even the great initial success of the Quantum Theory does not make me believe in the fundamental dice-game, although I am well aware that our younger colleagues interpret this as a consequence of senility. No doubt the day will come when we will see whose instinctive attitude was the correct one. (Albert Einstein to Max Born, Sept 1944, 'The Born-Einstein Letters') [from Quantum Theory: Albert Einstein, @]

Can we, together with others so inclined, answer his 2nd sentence?

"I hope that someone will discover a more realistic way, or rather a more tangible basis than it has been my lot to find."

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Author Bashir Yusuf wrote on Feb. 22, 2011 @ 15:12 GMT
Dear Steve

I have to apologize for the delayed answer,

Once again, Thank you for the kindly comment toward the essay, I m well and hope you too.

In participation on the different threads;

I was too busy, there is many essays and almost all seems telling fact of same thing but in different aspects/angles so I decided to read carefully to understand before saying any thing, and I hope I will participate discussion soon.

I think we are also saying same thing, although there may be some misunderstandings.

In the term of existence of multi-dimensions I used to express every opposite two spheres (figure in page 6 in the essay) for Gravitational balancing(center of Gravity), and may come in question when talking about the structure spheres and the Gravitational pairing of the spheres (clumping) that static, otherwise I agree, the 3D space may be used. Rotating systems is also essential, when talking about dynamics, the next in the essay (page 4);

“The rotation and circulation (spinals and orbitals) are (may be) caused by the central components gravitational interaction dynamically”

You say “I beleive in fact that an entanglement possesses a specif serie from the main cnetral sphere”

Compare that (above) statement and figure 2 in page 6 in the essay “Body centered initial clumping”

I have visited your home page at SICU, I read the summarized note of the theory, and if it is possible I would like the complete note of the theory of Spherization,

Could you please tell me where I can get it, or any more presentation the theory?

Please give a picture of your Idea toward the Sphere, Photon, Light, Mass, Gravity, Charge, Dark Matter, and (what ever you can about Universes Particle theory), for better understanding.

Best regards


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Anonymous replied on Feb. 23, 2011 @ 15:31 GMT
Hi dear Bashir,

Don't worry, I am cool you know, arrogant sometimes but I am nice, oh yes I am parano also hihih

you know I have been several x invited in so many groups when I was on Xing in french,In fact I have presented my theory in several groups on the net ,I have created several groups also, on xing also in french, I was also moderator of Africa Unite or memeber on Transqure by Dr Naima Benali(a wonderful person)She knows well me .In fact my aim is just the sharing of my discovery. in total transparence.The best you know is to read all my posts on Fqxi and Xing mainly since several years.I will publish in the future several pappers whit a good team , rational, universal and humanistic.It is not really important.I am young(35).What I can say is the fact that this Theory of Spherization a GUT TOE of Rotating 3D Spheres is all my life.It's all for me.The quantum spheres and their rotations spinals and orbitals and their finite serie build the cosmological spheres inside a beautiful sphere in optimization,it was logic in fact .You know when I have had the eureka it was when I classed animals,I said me Oh my GOD IN SEEING THE BRAIN all goes to the spherization, ...I said me all is composed by spheres even our particles and more I searched and more I found this universal spherical links, the circles, the spheres, the spheroids, the ellipsoids, the tori, the rotations....the wheels the pulleys.....the seeds the flowers the eggs, the glands...I stop here of's fascinating this spherization by quantum spheers ,inside a sphere, turning around spheres.

Could you please showing me my post on SICU you can copy and put it here , it was several years ago.It was probably a kind of simple resume for publics, that permits to think by themselves after as they see the generality of the idea. I will complete with pleasure with your ask of course.

Best Regards


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Author Bashir Yusuf wrote on Feb. 25, 2011 @ 15:27 GMT
Dear Steve

HTML tags are not permitted in posts, and will automatically be stripped out

(The FQXI website)

but web adrees at SICU and the Summarized note is followng attachment;

Spherization Theory resume ..t's difficult to resume but I'm going to try...

What is the Spherisation’s Theory about ?

all goes to the spherisation,it’s logic,mathematic, foundamental, rational…….the sphere is the equilibrium it’snt divisible

• All is coded

• Univers goes to the spherisation Galaxies too Stars Planets Brains in relativity….

• All is linked,unified since the begining ?the Big Bang,I think That spheres are ultim particles,the Gravity,there is an universal code,all spheres with an logic of buildings GRAVITY AND VELOCITY ROTATION SPIN SPIN SPIN

coded velocity rotation =mass=energy

spatial code

time code

ALL IS THE SAME QUARKS LEPTONS HADRONS BARYONS NEUTRINOS NEUTRONS PROTONS HIGGS bosons MAGNETON Planck particles……les Fermi particles...........spheres and spheroids................

• I think there are minimum 2 Planck walls limits Limit membran universal spheroid and limit small ,ultim sphere in all thing

• BIG BANG THEORY ??? since about 14 billions years multiplication of spheres………….….space time energy mathematic code……………..polarization +-…3.5billlionsyears……hydrospheroid………………
……… SPHERISATION ………..…H……Helium Deuterium Hydrogen and others …..C………N………O……++++++++CODED and mathematic codes ENERGY ….….H2O …. NH3… CH4 H2C2…. HCN…..............…. K… Fe Mg Mn Al …… S Si .......…PYROXENS AMPHIBOLS SiO SILICATES… SPHERIZATIO……proteins/enzyms INE ASE……..AMINO-ACID……BUILDINGS .ADN ……SPHERIZATION………. …………….……………………………………
… ……………………………………………………
CID LIPIP PROTID PROTIST UNICELL PROTOZ .........phytoflagellates zooflagellates …..animal vegetal SPHERIZATION dedifferenciation…..PLURICELL EVOLUTION HARMONY…………………………… SPHERIZATION ……………………………………………………


• Apllications physic ,mathematic,economy,chemistry,biology,technologies,health,ph

Best regards


attachments: Spherization_theory____Steve_Dufoury.docx

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Steve Dufourny replied on Feb. 26, 2011 @ 13:23 GMT
hi dear Bashir, I am remembering,thanks.It's simplistic but the whole is seen.

I have classed many things, it's this link of increase of mass and complexification of animals, vegetals and minerals which is relevant.In fact we are evolved cells composed by quantum spheres.....HCNO...and that continues on the line time. The quantization of mass is essential for me, and the rotations are proportional at my opinion if the number is finite.That implies an increase of mass due to the fusion mass light.The codes of evolution are fascinatings, they build these spheres and they optimize. We are catalyzers of our ecosystems, these catalyzations must be harmonious and rational respecting the universality.At this moment we loose our soils and ecosystems, it's very serious.

Best Regards, thanking you


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Steve Dufourny replied on Feb. 27, 2011 @ 14:25 GMT
If you want, I have invented several models for africa and a model against malaria,In fact it's an add of plants and anaimals and a harmonious growth more some others external parameters and hop that decreases naturally the vector(anophela)and thus the pathogen agent here the sporozoars(plasmodium).In logic the others vectors and diseases are correlated, we can decrease and arrive at an equilibrium.This technic is univgersal, fisrt the soil after the vegetal multiplicate and insertion of plants and anaimals predators, more this and that, in fact I add more than 40 systems.



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Author Bashir Yusuf wrote on Feb. 27, 2011 @ 17:40 GMT

Thanks for your comment,

Yes, We together with others so inclined, may try to answer the question (Einstein-Max Born)

since the reality is open(fair).

I believe also anyone may answer any time,(the reality is for common thing).

Best Regards


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Author Bashir Yusuf wrote on Mar. 1, 2011 @ 18:49 GMT

Regarding the question of; Can we, together with others so inclined, answer his 2nd sentence?

The Answer is yes.

Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory

I dont have problem about the two theories Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory, both are right (and wrong if misinterpretation), due to inadequate understanding of Natures simple basics.

I believe all the Quantum Mechanics and Relativity theory conflict is depending on understanding of wave/particle duality which basically depending on deeply/simply understanding of facts of the following two;

1. Existence and Structure of particles

2. Gravitation Force System

Suppose that you have strong attracting materials, say magnets in your hands, your hands may feel this attracting force, assume that; your hands as electrons(or/and protons), the magnets as photons, and the attracting force(as gravitational influence) as light. This is what exactly we mean photons and light situation may look like.

Suppose Proton/electron as body centered spherical particles those made up from a smaller spherical elementary particles (photons), see figure 2 in the essay (initial clustering of particles).

Assuming the light as gravitational force influence, and photon electron as a Particle that may interact using, gravitational force influence is quite pretty idea, that might be an important key of understanding of natures basic structure.

It is not to confuse the existence of photon, traveling system of photon and light.

The photon does not scatter out and in from matter to matter, instead its force (as gravitational influence) transfer from matter to matte

Otherwise the problem of QM and GR may arise.

There are physical problems to solve (before anything) namely the Displacement and the type of motion. The complexity of wave-particle duality lies here, we can simplify by using classical physics as we know that particles interacts each other with gravitational force, and this force can we interpret as a static or dynamic influence of gravitational force (gravitational wave).

The all matter in the universe including the Dark matter basically contain a homogenous type of particle namely Photons.

All particles except Photons are interchangeable.

Generally different amount of this type of particle makes different particle.

Fundamentally, this numerical combination makes two systems namely odd and even, (Charged and Neutral).

The force that acting all systems at any level is Gravity.

Multi Dimensions take place at the beginning of clumping process of particles

Sphere is the shape photons, have.

Further more you may probably help to create better understanding environment by investigating problems related.

nobody except Ted Erikson and Steve Dufourny my friends of spherical particle theory asked a question or told that and how they understood.

I would like to hear from them rather than answering unasked question. (NB. that almost all this text is in the essay).

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Steve Dufourny replied on Mar. 1, 2011 @ 20:01 GMT
Hi Bashir,

Until soon, with pleasure.

Have you seen or read the ideas of Dr Layzer and Dr Klingmann.They are beautiful their essays also.



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Author Bashir Yusuf wrote on Jun. 7, 2011 @ 20:55 GMT
I have also tried to answer the questions of, What is charge?

that I demonstrated in this updated file (Attachment).

I have difficult with some terminology;


Lie group E8



which I think that their usage are related to what I am trying to explain here and in the essay....and mean.

please compare these small spheres (group spheres) to quantum bits........

Best wishes


attachments: Bashir_Quantum_Mech_and_Relativity_Theory.pdf

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Author Bashir Yusuf wrote on Jul. 5, 2011 @ 13:19 GMT
Dear all,

The winning essay of this contest concludes that nature is digital (discrete).

And now, I wonder following;

Isn't the photon the Nature most elementary particle, and the Light its Gravitational interaction?

Hasn't the nature same fundamentals?. Particles?

I have tried to explore a broad area in physical science in different aspect and compare to...

view entire post

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orsi selymes wrote on Apr. 13, 2012 @ 14:53 GMT
hi, I have written on another wall, already..

I have deduced the theory of universality (formulated as U=u(Ptx+Itx)) starting from theoretical cognitive science and geometrization of attention

I think it is not very difficult to deduce it.

Than would mean that the spherization is also possible from cognitive side.

I am currently preparing a paper on the deduction, title and topics should be:

"social cognitive transference versus cognitive perpetuation properties of the living cell as basis for cognitive dynamics. a generative analysis."

embodied cognition, transference bw different modalities of metaphors (eg visual, verbal, narrative, somatic...)

sum rules of cognition

copied versus epicognitive gesture

interference and perpetuative cognition, "the mode" experience, symphonic cognition and social flow, emotional contagion

intelligence as algorithm reconstruction

attention as "energy" through joint self construals

cultural cognitive archeology

it is pretty recent, so i am thankful for any comments

selymes (at) mindchocolate (dot) com



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