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October 22, 2019

Nice Article. Vilenkin seems to have one of the better imaginative minds in physics. If large-scale topology is flat as WMAP indicated, then it has always been flat, which means the singularity of the big bang was/is infinitely extended. So there must be an infinite set of O-regions. I felt this was inevitable in the 60's when I first learned the big bang theory. And Vilenkin is right to question...

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I realized this morning that the eternal accelerating expansion at the end of time is always occurring in the vacuum. The same eternal expansion that causes a big rip type of future also causes the eternal expansion of the big bang, and it presently causes light to propagate. If it was possible to introduce two opposite particles into the perfectly flat zero vacuum/singularity at the end of time the expansion of space would instantly rip them apart internally, an annihilation identical to what currently happens to virtual particles. That expansion is the propagation of the wave. The only difference for ordinary matter is that when matter becomes energy it's mass/density is conserved, since it can't yet find an inverse partner. I have known for some time that expansion equates to arrows of time which point to zero. It would seem that at absolute zero time-arrows dominantly point away from one another. If you introduce two opposite particles into a vacuum the arrows point toward each other until they collide or merge, at which point the arrows instantly point away. The big bang is a similar process except that the early universe is like introducing an infinitely extended positive field into the vacuum. All time-arrows of such a state point toward the inevitable existence of an inverse negative field, and consequently all arrows point to zero since the inverse field is literally on the other side of zero, mathematically and physically. Both fields naturally exist within zero, being two perfect halves of the whole. They are always there eternally inflating, and their expansion sends time arrows out into the diverse space of possibilities that exist between each positive and negative extreme and zero.

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One can relate the expansion to negative and positive gravity, out of exactly positive and negative vacuum?

If one takes the zero quantity to extremes, even in mathematical terms?..for instance the ten plus one (10+1) numbers that equate to ten plus 1(zero) dimensions:10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1 ,0

now mathematically we can relate the numbers to positive and negative, or to the number theory relating to specifically "odd or even". Thus when one folows :

10-even-9-odd-8-even... ..down to 0 zero equals even.

All even numbers have the factor they cne be halved/devided, what is interesting is that when one devides zero-energy, one actually doubles the energy quantity, which is really an "expansion term"!

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If one takes the zero quantity to extremes, even in mathematical terms?..for instance the ten plus one (10+1) numbers that equate to ten plus 1(zero) dimensions:10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1 ,0

now mathematically we can relate the numbers to positive and negative, or to the number theory relating to specifically "odd or even". Thus when one folows :

10-even-9-odd-8-even... ..down to 0 zero equals even.

All even numbers have the factor they cne be halved/devided, what is interesting is that when one devides zero-energy, one actually doubles the energy quantity, which is really an "expansion term"!

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Gevin you may be aware of :

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-symmetry

which should have been in my above post.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-symmetry

which should have been in my above post.

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