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What's Ultimately Possible in Physics?
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The Nature of Time
August - December 2008

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Peggy: on 2/27/09 at 0:01am UTC, wrote Great work, Randall B!!!!

Narendra Nath: on 12/24/08 at 13:08pm UTC, wrote Dear Randall, the lete posting made me see your essay so late. It has made...

Brian Beverly: on 12/3/08 at 7:43am UTC, wrote I understand the sentence, "Distances are always whore numbers" is a typo....

Ken Sasaki.: on 12/3/08 at 1:46am UTC, wrote Dear Dr./Mr. Floit: Thank you for your article reconsidering absolute...

Randall B Floit: on 12/2/08 at 14:45pm UTC, wrote Essay Abstract Modern science recognizes three major theories as...


Lorraine Ford: "John, You need to be able to explain why mass and energy are represented..." in Emergent Reality: Markus...

John Cox: "Lorraine, Then we must agree to disagree about what physically constitutes..." in Emergent Reality: Markus...

Lorraine Ford: "Malcolm, I don’t agree for one minute with Rob’s or Georgina’s views..." in Alternative Models of...

Georgina Woodward: "Hi Malcolm. Robert is not a troll but like everyone who comments on this..." in Alternative Models of...

Lorraine Ford: "Re "I tend to speed-read then review before scoring after reading a good..." in Undecidability,...

click titles to read articles

First Things First: The Physics of Causality
Why do we remember the past and not the future? Untangling the connections between cause and effect, choice, and entropy.

Can Time Be Saved From Physics?
Philosophers, physicists and neuroscientists discuss how our sense of time’s flow might arise through our interactions with external stimuli—despite suggestions from Einstein's relativity that our perception of the passage of time is an illusion.

A devilish new framework of thermodynamics that focuses on how we observe information could help illuminate our understanding of probability and rewrite quantum theory.

Gravity's Residue
An unusual approach to unifying the laws of physics could solve Hawking's black-hole information paradox—and its predicted gravitational "memory effect" could be picked up by LIGO.

Could Mind Forge the Universe?
Objective reality, and the laws of physics themselves, emerge from our observations, according to a new framework that turns what we think of as fundamental on its head.

January 27, 2020

CATEGORY: The Nature of Time Essay Contest (2008) [back]
TOPIC: The Case for Absolute Time by Randall B Floit [refresh]
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Randall B Floit wrote on Dec. 2, 2008 @ 14:45 GMT
Essay Abstract

Modern science recognizes three major theories as useful in describing our physical reality. Each useful within definable limits, but each also containing unrealistic elements that indicate their current descriptions are either incomplete or that reality itself may well not be realistic in terms of a common sense reality based on Euclidean Space and Absolute Time. Classical Theory using Newtonian Mechanics although still useful in general application is not expected to produce a complete solution for physics, one reason being that Special Relativity the requirement of Absolute Time in Classical Physics not to be valid. General Relativity Theory and Quantum Mechanics are the remaining theories from which a more complete Physics explaining reality is expected to be found. During the search for that explanation with one of these two incompatible theories, I believe science has established principles and observations sufficient to demonstrate the rejection of Absolute Time as premature. Reevaluating excepted facts of current physics can establish a Local Absolute Time, including a locally preferred frame of reference. And from that foundation, a universal Absolute Time should be a realistic expectation of reality. The case for both these versions of Absolute Time is made here.

Author Bio

A registered Professional Engineer now retired (Electronics & Communication Systems) focused on Independent Private Research in applying a realistic rational approach to the problems of Physics and Reality to find solutions that could indicate reality is in fact realistic within the bounds of an version of Absolute Time and Space that also respects the Einstein view of a Local Reality.

Download Essay PDF File

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Ken Sasaki. wrote on Dec. 3, 2008 @ 01:46 GMT
Dear Dr./Mr. Floit:

Thank you for your article reconsidering absolute time. I agree with you about the merits of a concept such as absolute time.

If I may make a suggestion, I think that you might be able to make your point about simultaneity more clearly, if you were to use space-time diagrams. That way, you could represent events as seen in each reference frame, while plotting the other frames in the diagram of the chosen frame (using diagonal axes).

Also, there is a theory that recognizes a “preferred frame” (rest frame), often called the Lorentz-Poincaré Ether theory, which uses the same mathematics as Special Relativity and agrees with all observations to date. If you are interested, more information can be had on the Wikipedia web site, at:

Also, I discuss this theory and give further references, in my essay, at:

Thanks again, for the essay.

Take care,


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Brian Beverly wrote on Dec. 3, 2008 @ 07:43 GMT
I understand the sentence, "Distances are always whore numbers" is a typo. But it does make sense because both physics and pimping are not easy.

You try and resolve the twin paradox without acceleration. What about the principle of equivalence?

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Narendra Nath wrote on Dec. 24, 2008 @ 13:08 GMT
Dear Randall,

the lete posting made me see your essay so late. It has made a fresh approach to theme of this competition by projecting the idea of Absolute Time under locality restriction.

May i pose some queries as below:-

1. Why there are different values being associated with the CMB frequency?

2.Graviton being unobserved thus far, what will be the consequences if the speed of gravittaional interaction is found to 'c' or even greater or less than 'c'?

3. How can one measure the mass density prevalent at the instant of Big bang or 1/2 billion years later compared to the current value? Rates of local Absolute Times depend on such considerations!

4. What will be the consequence for the mass/energy equivalence , including the possibility of higher value for 'c' in early universe to the value measured presently?

i must say it was refreshing to go through your presentation of new conceptual framework which has the right logic. Best wishes for your freelance approach to modern physics!

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Peggy wrote on Feb. 27, 2009 @ 00:01 GMT
Great work, Randall B!!!!

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