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FQXi FORUM
August 16, 2018

CATEGORY: The Nature of Time Essay Contest (2008) [back]
TOPIC: The physical nature of time by Sherman Loran Jenkins [refresh]
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Sherman Loran Jenkins wrote on Dec. 2, 2008 @ 14:27 GMT
Essay Abstract

Time has three principle features that lead me to conclude that time and all reality occur from a common origin. Number one, time moves forward but has no direction. Number two, the pace of time is not constant. Number three, time has a common regulator through out the universe. The principle characteristics of time and times' relationship to mass and energy tend to the conclusion that time and matter originate together from the structure and energy of space. Time and all reality can be seen as though it derives from one trait. Math, physics, philosophy and religion must not be entangled when looking for the true nature of time. The true nature of time can be entirely lost by a careless connection between disciplines. As an example, symmetry, as a mathematical tool, is very powerful; but in physics we must look for the hidden cause of patterns; and not permit numbers to dictate a concept of reality where only an illusion of time exists. Our perception of time is most sensitive to an ill conceived overlap of disciplines. The entanglement of math with physics is nearly universal when pondering the nature of time. And to grasp the physical structure that yields time, we must avoid basic errors in math. Time, distance and mass derive from one source - the structure of the universe. The conclusion here permits one to describe the time sensitive CMBR signature from structure alone. This structure yields the mass of the fundamental particles; and constants of interaction. Here we shall approach the derivation of alpha from the base position that mass, distance and time are linked and have a common origin.

Author Bio

Sherman Jenkins has studied Physics and Mathematics at the University of Missouri, Washington University and the University of California.

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Sherman Jenkins wrote on Dec. 14, 2008 @ 04:30 GMT
Good question number one. Why do I think that the electron is made of three 1/3 charge quark like particles? More properly, why do I say that the electron is a composite particle? The short answer is that it works; and leads to the best theory of everything that I have found. Why would anyone prefer a standard theory that has an assortment of fundamental particles with more than 6 different charge levels? Why, when a composite electron in a universal lattice of only one type constituent particle yields a TOE that explains a host of puzzling questions?

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Sherman Jenkins wrote on Dec. 23, 2008 @ 05:50 GMT
"How does what we call time emerge from a lattice of charge?"

The phase state of the lattice structure corresponds to a specific temperature of the lattice. As the lattice structure and temperature are both locked by the phase state through out the universe. And as all matter is made up of groupings of the charge components and holes in the lattice. (We see those groupings as electrons, quarks, protons, neutrons etc.) All material structures, being composed of displaced bits of the lattice and holes, are therefore regulated by the lattice temperature. And energy exchange by all matter is determined by the temperature and motion of the lattice.

The temperature of the lattice is the underlying regulator. Of all things. Including motion through the lattice. And motion through the lattice is of necessity sequential due to the nature of matter and how it must move in the lattice of space. Easiest to visualize with the positive bits as they do not move by them selves but are transported by the sequential movement of the negative bits, one after the next. That is, movement of material objects through the lattice of space is advanced by a pattern of steps that transport the groupings through the lattice.

So the holes and the bits of charge making up protons, for example, must move along with electrons (three bits of charge) as they move through the lattice of space. And the temperature dance of the lattice bits regulate how matter moves. And this same structure and temperature limit how pulses of energy are transported.

The encounter of an electron and positron can result in the release of energy equal to the energy that created them. The charge bits of the electron can fill the holes of the positron. But in the case of stable material in our part of the universe this is not so easy. The energy of the mass must be released to drop the component parts back into the lattice.

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Anonymous wrote on Jan. 2, 2009 @ 07:53 GMT
Sherman,

Going over the essays here, I was quite struc by the simplicity with which yours explains the nature of time. However, more than the simplicity, I like how time happens *because it has to*: in other words, how time is a logical consequence of the phase locking of lattice maximal packing and lattice temperature.

Interestingly enough, another essay here, the one by Gil

Jannes gave me a good visualization of how time "just happens". Gil Jannes is studying a theory of quantum gravity from a condensed-matter approach. From that, I remebered what I know about weird states of matter like Bose-Einstein condensates. In those states, behavior arises from very simple rules.

Given these connections, it would not surprise me if time really does arise from the simple phase-state locking of the lattice of point charges as described by you, Sherman.

Another interesting connection that I see to your ideas is in the article from Physical Review "Journey to the Center of the Neutron]." In this article, a finding is described that how fast each of the three quarks moves inside the neutron determines the charge distribution in space of the neutron--another linking of energy with space and time. I do not think that the quarks having charges multiples of -1/3 is a coincidence!

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Astro wrote on May. 17, 2010 @ 13:41 GMT
Time is not tangible. It's part of our measurements of the external world as away to track them over a duration, but i truely don't believe that time itself is a physical dymnamical quantity, like space itself.

I know Minkowski space attempts to place them as essentially the same thing, but physics is heading in a direction where time is no longer a phenomena of geometry, but something quantized, local, embedded in area's of Planck length. Reality in short, exists for fleeting flashes of existence - not this linearity we sense all around us.

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