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**Steve Dufourny**: *on* 1/11/22 at 12:13pm UTC, wrote To be frank, I am conscious that I am a problem with my theory and a...

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**Steve Dufourny**: *on* 1/9/22 at 18:29pm UTC, wrote Hi Mr Schiller, thanks for developing. I have read too the paper of...

**Christoph Schiller**: *on* 1/8/22 at 23:03pm UTC, wrote Gravity is derived from the strand conjecture in the paper C. Schiller,...

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**Christoph Schiller**: *on* 12/28/21 at 19:56pm UTC, wrote The strand conjecture started when the concept of maximum force c^4/4G in...

FQXi FORUM

January 29, 2022

CATEGORY:
High Energy Physics
[back]

TOPIC: Testing a conjecture on the origin of the standard model [refresh]

TOPIC: Testing a conjecture on the origin of the standard model [refresh]

The title of this thread is the same as the title of my recent paper.

C. Schiller, Testing a conjecture on the origin of the standard model, European Physical Journal Plus 136 (2021) 79.

doi.org/10.1140/epjp/s13360-020-01046-8.

Read it online for free at rdcu.be/cdwSI - the link is provided by SpringerNature.

It is regularly claimed that the standard model is complex, incomplete or even ugly. The strand conjecture argues the exact opposite: all of particle physics is due to tangled strands fluctuating at the Planck scale. A single fundamental process appears to explain the principle of least action, the Dirac equation, the observed interaction spectrum, the observed gauge symmetry groups, the observed elementary particle spectrum, and the fundamental constants (masses, mixing angles, and coupling constants) describing them. The Lagrangian of the standard model arises, without modifications or extensions. Over 100 additional tests and predictions about particle physics beyond the standard model are given. They agree with all experiments. So far, no other approach in the research literature appears to make (almost) any of these predictions. It appears that the explanation of the standard model using tangled strands is consistent, correct, hard to vary, and complete.

For more papers and talk slides, see www.motionmountain.net/research.

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C. Schiller, Testing a conjecture on the origin of the standard model, European Physical Journal Plus 136 (2021) 79.

doi.org/10.1140/epjp/s13360-020-01046-8.

Read it online for free at rdcu.be/cdwSI - the link is provided by SpringerNature.

It is regularly claimed that the standard model is complex, incomplete or even ugly. The strand conjecture argues the exact opposite: all of particle physics is due to tangled strands fluctuating at the Planck scale. A single fundamental process appears to explain the principle of least action, the Dirac equation, the observed interaction spectrum, the observed gauge symmetry groups, the observed elementary particle spectrum, and the fundamental constants (masses, mixing angles, and coupling constants) describing them. The Lagrangian of the standard model arises, without modifications or extensions. Over 100 additional tests and predictions about particle physics beyond the standard model are given. They agree with all experiments. So far, no other approach in the research literature appears to make (almost) any of these predictions. It appears that the explanation of the standard model using tangled strands is consistent, correct, hard to vary, and complete.

For more papers and talk slides, see www.motionmountain.net/research.

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Hi Mr Schiller, all this is very interesting but if I can, first of all we cannot affirm that the planck scale really exists and secondly I am curious what do you consider like foundamental objects, because if you consider only photons like primoridal essence and strings inside in D at this planck scale, so it is also an assumption, the standard model is correct but it is emergent and not complete, I don t consider the fields like the origin of this physicality personally where the oscillations vibrations create the topologies, geometries. I have remarked that it is fashion inside the theoretical sciences community, all they consider only this GR and the photons and strings inside and with the geometrical algebras like the E8 of lie, they try with the non commutativity to unify G c and h , the QM and the GR , it is odd because if the GR is not the only one piece and that the strings are not correct , so all is just a play of maths but not really reaching the main unknowns.

Regards

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Regards

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Just one quick point.

The Planck scale is defined as that scale at which general relativity, special relativity and quantum theory have to be taken into account, all three, together.

The Planck energy, Planck momentum, Planck length and Planck time are clearly defined quantities.

The statement "we cannot affirm that the Planck scale really exists" therefore is not correct.

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The Planck scale is defined as that scale at which general relativity, special relativity and quantum theory have to be taken into account, all three, together.

The Planck energy, Planck momentum, Planck length and Planck time are clearly defined quantities.

The statement "we cannot affirm that the Planck scale really exists" therefore is not correct.

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I am sorry but never the planck has been proved like existing, don t confound the proved works of Planck and this planck scale, secondly never the GR has been proved like the only one piece of puzzle, you affrim things not correct, they are assumptions, since when we can affrim that the GR is the only one piece of our universe . And also tell me waht do you consider like foundamental objects, strings or points and why ?

ps the planck scale is an extrapolation not proved , we cannot reach it and we cannot affrim it exists.

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ps the planck scale is an extrapolation not proved , we cannot reach it and we cannot affrim it exists.

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If you try to unify so G c and h like a general universal point, there is a problem if you consider this planck scale wich is not proved and not sure, secondly if the GR and photons are considered like the primordial essence of the universe and that it is not the case, sorry what I tell is true.

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In fact the majority of physicists make the same error to reach the quantum gravitation or to unify this QM , the QFT and the GR , they try to see where the laws are broken due to these scales and energies correlated, you see well that there is a problem of renormalisation for this quantum gravitation, it is because the general tools are not correct simply, but they continue still and always to make the same errors

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Summary:

The strand conjecture starts with deducing Dirac’s equation from Dirac’s trick for tangles. Then, tangle classification yields the particle spectrum. The Reidemeister moves yield the particle interactions. Working out the details gives particle physics - and the standard model Lagrangisn - with no additions, no modifications, and no omissions.

Testable predictions:

There is no E8 nor any other grand unified gauge group. There is no supersymmetry. There are no additional dimensions. There is no non-commutative space. There are no new elementary particles. There are no new energy scales. There is no effect and no physics beyond the standard model.

Status:

So far, full agreement with experiment. All results are deduced from a single fundamental principle.

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The strand conjecture starts with deducing Dirac’s equation from Dirac’s trick for tangles. Then, tangle classification yields the particle spectrum. The Reidemeister moves yield the particle interactions. Working out the details gives particle physics - and the standard model Lagrangisn - with no additions, no modifications, and no omissions.

Testable predictions:

There is no E8 nor any other grand unified gauge group. There is no supersymmetry. There are no additional dimensions. There is no non-commutative space. There are no new elementary particles. There are no new energy scales. There is no effect and no physics beyond the standard model.

Status:

So far, full agreement with experiment. All results are deduced from a single fundamental principle.

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Hi Mr Schiller, we cannot affrim assumptions , it is important. The E8 even if I don t agree about the fields and strings or points like origin is a wonderful mathematical tool utilised by many scientists, the non commutativity of Connes is an important work permitting to better understand our standard model.

Please develop a little bit your general ideas, what is for you a particle and its philosophical origin ? I will see clearer about your ideas.

If I can also, what are for you the unknowns , the quantum gravitation, the hard problem of consciousness, the dark matter, the dark energy, the gluons problem mainly ? how do you consider these things ?

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Please develop a little bit your general ideas, what is for you a particle and its philosophical origin ? I will see clearer about your ideas.

If I can also, what are for you the unknowns , the quantum gravitation, the hard problem of consciousness, the dark matter, the dark energy, the gluons problem mainly ? how do you consider these things ?

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I have look at your website , and I respect your general researchs, you search these general answers and it is the most important. The general philosophy for me is essential, that is why I d like to have your points of vue about these foundamental objects and the origin of the universe. We must recognise that we have many limitations of scales and in knowledges about the truths of our topologies, geometries, fields, matters. We just analyse at this moment the emergent effects, but the main cause are unknown still unfortunally.

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On predictions: In the tangle model, all predictions on the lack of physics beyond the standard model are *deduced* from one single fundamental principle about strands fluctuating at the Planck scale. The predictions are *not* assumptions. Only the fundamental principle is an assumption. The fundamental principle is general and abstract. And of course, exploring all other ideas on the origin of...

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I repeat , all this a respectable general work, but there are many assumptions, the planck and points particles in fluctuations, an assumption, the GR like the only one piece of puzzle, an assumption.

The fluctuations me I want well, but from what and what origin philosophical ?

You tell the predications rae not assumptions, yes they are because you utilise assumptions in your predictions like basis, so the predictions are assumptions.

Me I want well, but you cannot affirm

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The fluctuations me I want well, but from what and what origin philosophical ?

You tell the predications rae not assumptions, yes they are because you utilise assumptions in your predictions like basis, so the predictions are assumptions.

Me I want well, but you cannot affirm

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The paper about the testing of the strand conjecture in the domain of particle physics mentioned above is the follow up of the paper that presented the strand conjecture in the first place:

C. Schiller, A conjecture on deducing general relativity and the standard model with its fundamental constants from rational tangles of strands, Physics of Particles and Nuclei 50 (2019) 259–299. dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1063779619030055. The paper can be read for free online at rdcu.be/cdCK7, a link provided by SpringerNature.

This paper deduces quantum theory, quantum field theory and gravitation from Dirac's trick - including the Hilbert Lagrangian and the standard model Lagrangian. In particular, the paper argues that both the standard model and general relativity can be derived from a single fundamental principle involving strands. It follows that there should be no new physics in both fields - except for the calculation of the fundamental constants.

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C. Schiller, A conjecture on deducing general relativity and the standard model with its fundamental constants from rational tangles of strands, Physics of Particles and Nuclei 50 (2019) 259–299. dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1063779619030055. The paper can be read for free online at rdcu.be/cdCK7, a link provided by SpringerNature.

This paper deduces quantum theory, quantum field theory and gravitation from Dirac's trick - including the Hilbert Lagrangian and the standard model Lagrangian. In particular, the paper argues that both the standard model and general relativity can be derived from a single fundamental principle involving strands. It follows that there should be no new physics in both fields - except for the calculation of the fundamental constants.

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Hi , I have asked you simple general questions, why are you sure that the 1D points like foundamental objects exist ? secondly why do you consider just the GR like the only one piece of puzzle and the fluctuations to explain all our forces ? and thirdly you see well that the quantum gravitation is nor renormalised nor quantified in this reasoning. It is because your foundamental objects are not the truth, and that the GR and the photons only cannot answer. And Dirac works are not the problem nor the constants. Furthermore the BHs are not really knowns, we just know the even horizons at their surfaces and due to hawking works, but we don t know really what they are . And the 1D at this planck scale is just an assumption. Are you conscious of this ? the general philosophy and the foundamental objects are just assumptions ? If you want a relevant conjecture , try with the poincare conjecture to create the conjecture between the strings Mtheory superstrings Branes and the 3D spheres like foundamental objects, there it will be very relevant if you can prove it, you can utilise the symplectomorphisms preserving the volumes and the ricci flow for the deformations for example and play with the geometrical algebras of Lie like the E8 exceptional group. You can also utilise the works of Perelman proving this conjecture. Regards

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What I try to explain is that our standard model is probably emergant due to a deeper logic and this logic is not from the points oscillating or fluctuations of this luminiferous spacetime, the einstein fields equations of our photonic spacetime giving this general relativity and explaining at high velocities the gravitation like a curvature of the spacetime when we observe it is of course real, what I try to explain is that this GR and the photons like prinmordial essence is not probably the answer. Even with the Einstein–Cartan–Sciama–Kibble theory and tools mathenmatical trying to reach this quantum gravitation. The main problem for me is that the thinkers consider the fields like origin of our reality , and with points or strings at this planck scales and oscillations, fluctuations, vibrations they explain the geometries , topologies from this 1D and after extrapolate the extradimensions like in the strings with 10, 11, 26D , but in fact all this are assumptions, if our universe is a pure 3D ns that the foundamental objects are 3D spheres and that the philosophical origin of this universe is made of particles, so the fields are just emergent and the points and strings don t really exist like main cause.

I beleive that many thinkers have not really understood the GR and the photons, Einstein also thought what I tell, he said himself that the photons are just a part of the problem, he has just permitted to observe better the spacetime. The electromagnetism and the forces of our standard model are probably due to particles encoded , they don t come from external cosmic fields , they emerge due to photons and particles of DM probaböly encoded in a kind of space vacuum where the main codes are , the photons are just a fuel.

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I beleive that many thinkers have not really understood the GR and the photons, Einstein also thought what I tell, he said himself that the photons are just a part of the problem, he has just permitted to observe better the spacetime. The electromagnetism and the forces of our standard model are probably due to particles encoded , they don t come from external cosmic fields , they emerge due to photons and particles of DM probaböly encoded in a kind of space vacuum where the main codes are , the photons are just a fuel.

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In fact the standard model that we know and the QM and QFT emerge due to photons encoded and the forces increase due to number of photons , so the densities become relevant of 3D spheres, because the number of series primoridal finite don t change and the volumes also, just the densities , that is why the nuclear forces are just due to fact that there is more photons encoded than for the electromagnetism, they are encoded in the space vacuum wich is also a finite serie of 3D spheres .

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The strand conjecture, in the papers mentioned above, deduces, step by step, a number of testable statements that are usually thought to be impossible.

(1) The standard model can be deduced from a simple principle - based on strands.

(2) General relativity can be deduced from a simple principle - based on strands.

(3) The standard model and general relativity do not contradict each other.

(4) There is no physics beyond the standard model and beyond general relativity.

(5) The lack of new effects is testable in several hundred specific experiments.

(6) There is no unknown dark matter particle.

(7) The fundamental constants can be calculated.

(8) There is no unanswered question in fundamental physics.

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(1) The standard model can be deduced from a simple principle - based on strands.

(2) General relativity can be deduced from a simple principle - based on strands.

(3) The standard model and general relativity do not contradict each other.

(4) There is no physics beyond the standard model and beyond general relativity.

(5) The lack of new effects is testable in several hundred specific experiments.

(6) There is no unknown dark matter particle.

(7) The fundamental constants can be calculated.

(8) There is no unanswered question in fundamental physics.

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I am sorry but you affirm things like facts , I repeat first of all the generaql relativity is not the only one pience of puzzle, secondly the points at this planck scale connected with the GR in 1D is an assumption, thirdly the daek matter is necessary to balance probably with the cold at all scales and explain also the evolution, and finally we have many unknowns to discover still , so we have many questions to answer still,

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There is a way to summarize the paper below in a single statement:

The Dirac trick at the Planck scale allows to deduce all of particle physics.

From this simple foundation it is possible to deduce the full Lagrangian of the standard model, the quark model, the gauge symmetries, the particle spectrum etc. The foundation also allows to deduce many predictions that can be tested in the coming years.

All experimental predictions are listed on www.motionmountain.net/bet .

C. Schiller, Testing a conjecture on the origin of the standard model, European Physical Journal Plus 136 (2021) 79. doi.org/10.1140/epjp/s13360-020-01046-8. Read for free at rdcu.be/cdwSI.

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The Dirac trick at the Planck scale allows to deduce all of particle physics.

From this simple foundation it is possible to deduce the full Lagrangian of the standard model, the quark model, the gauge symmetries, the particle spectrum etc. The foundation also allows to deduce many predictions that can be tested in the coming years.

All experimental predictions are listed on www.motionmountain.net/bet .

C. Schiller, Testing a conjecture on the origin of the standard model, European Physical Journal Plus 136 (2021) 79. doi.org/10.1140/epjp/s13360-020-01046-8. Read for free at rdcu.be/cdwSI.

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Like I said even if you don t want to discuss, probably due to fact that we are all persuaded inside the sciences community ,it is that you affirm too much assumptions like facts. You tell many things wich are not proved and accepted by the sciences community. You tell

(1) The standard model can be deduced from a simple principle - based on strands.

(2) General relativity can be...

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(1) The standard model can be deduced from a simple principle - based on strands.

(2) General relativity can be...

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ps, you know when we share ideas on a platform of sciences, you must accept the critics and you must defend your ideas in developping. If you cannot defend your ideas , so it is probably that you are not sure of your own ideas I suppose. The problem for me like I said is the affirmation of too much assumptions . If you utilised for example the geometrical algebras of Lie, hopf, Clifford and that you try to develop and unify the QM, the QFT, the SM, the GR , there it could be interesting with new ideas and maths, but you don t do it, you just affirm .I just tell this for you me to be taken seriously. I am obliged to make the same you know, I never affirm my assumptions and I work for the publications with mathematical tools and I try to be rigourous about my theory and my assumptions. It is like this that the theoretical sciences community is you know.

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A comment above states: "You tell also there is no physics beyond the SM and the GR, wowww? you speak to god you lol"

No. Physicists use a more accessible information source: they read research papers in the library. The statement about the lack of new physics comes from tens of thousands of researchers who have checked that statement for over 50 years and have published their measurement results in physics journals.

The statement is also a prediction that follows logically from the Dirac trick at the Planck scale, as explained in the paper.

When predictions and experiments match, there is a small, but non-negligible possibility of correctness.

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No. Physicists use a more accessible information source: they read research papers in the library. The statement about the lack of new physics comes from tens of thousands of researchers who have checked that statement for over 50 years and have published their measurement results in physics journals.

The statement is also a prediction that follows logically from the Dirac trick at the Planck scale, as explained in the paper.

When predictions and experiments match, there is a small, but non-negligible possibility of correctness.

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Mr Schiller, with all my respects, I have known physicists relevant and others no, for me the universtity is not sufficient, we must learn all our life the sciences, philosophies, maths to be creative , general and innovant and a few number are able to do this. I was in maths sciences strong in secondary like I told, 9h of maths and 9 h of sciences by week more 4 of labs, after I was at university...

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So I repeat yes and I insist even, in telling that there is no physics beyond the GR , it is an assumption and for me and it is just my opinion, it is total non sense. The GR is just a photonic spacetime. You beleive in this BB and that the universe has only created photons and that oscillate vibrate inside at this planck scale to create the topologies, geometries, matters, fields but it is just an assumption. We have evolved in 100 years since the GR but even Einstein told that we have probably a deeper logic to add. I00 years of general relativity and hop hovus pocus, we know all the universe and its laws ??? the fields for me are not the origin of our reality but the particles coded in a superfluidity with 3 ethers yes, It is even more logic than these fields.

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I d say that the strand conjecture is a limited not sufficient interpretation. And it is due to many rational causes. First of all, the GR alone cannot unify the QM correctly, you can utilise all the geometrical algebras that you want and all the maths, that does not explain the deepest unknowns.The quantum gravitation is not about the fact to unify G c and h in resume simply. It is because the...

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I have an idea for you to go deeper in your works, consider the quaternions and the dirac trick consider the 3 ethers made of finite series of 3D spheres that I explained . Now consider the Lie groups for the connections and consider the particles in a superfluidity due to the specific spherical volumes of these series.

The standard model is about the U(1) SU(2) SU(3) and utilise the SO(3)...

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The standard model is about the U(1) SU(2) SU(3) and utilise the SO(3)...

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The strand conjecture started when the concept of maximum force c^4/4G in general relativity became clear.

A new paper in Phys Rev D 104 (2021) 124079 on the topic just appeared: https://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.104.1

24079

The concept of maximum force implies that there is no trans-Planckian physics. This drastically reduces the options for a unified theory.

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A new paper in Phys Rev D 104 (2021) 124079 on the topic just appeared: https://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.104.1

24079

The concept of maximum force implies that there is no trans-Planckian physics. This drastically reduces the options for a unified theory.

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Hello Mr Schiller,

How are you , hope you are well. Like I see you consider still the unification of this QFT, the GR, the SM in trying to unify so G c and h . I am curious , do you consider the gravitons like the quanta of gravitational waves ? And if yes how do you see the quantification of these gravitons in our standard model like the weakest force ?

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How are you , hope you are well. Like I see you consider still the unification of this QFT, the GR, the SM in trying to unify so G c and h . I am curious , do you consider the gravitons like the quanta of gravitational waves ? And if yes how do you see the quantification of these gravitons in our standard model like the weakest force ?

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Gravity is derived from the strand conjecture in the paper

C. Schiller, Testing a conjecture on the origin of space, gravity and mass, Indian Journal of Physics (2021), free to read online at rdcu.be/czpom.

The paper includes a model for gravitons. They indeed are quantized gravitational waves, as expected. However, they are not detectable as single quanta, as has been predicted long ago by other scholars.

Abstract: A Planck-scale model for the microscopic degrees of freedom of space and gravity, based on a fundamental principle that involves fluctuating one-dimensional strands, is tested. Classical and quantum properties of space and gravitation, from the field equations of general relativity to gravitons, are deduced. Predictions include the lack of any change to general relativity at all sub-galactic scales, the validity of black hole thermodynamics, the lack of singularities and the lack of unknown observable quantum gravity effects. So far, all predictions agree with observations, including the validity of the maximum luminosity or power value c^5/G for all processes in nature, from microscopic to astronomical. Finally, it is shown that the strand conjecture implies a model for elementary particles that allows deducing ab-initio upper and lower limits for their mass values.

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C. Schiller, Testing a conjecture on the origin of space, gravity and mass, Indian Journal of Physics (2021), free to read online at rdcu.be/czpom.

The paper includes a model for gravitons. They indeed are quantized gravitational waves, as expected. However, they are not detectable as single quanta, as has been predicted long ago by other scholars.

Abstract: A Planck-scale model for the microscopic degrees of freedom of space and gravity, based on a fundamental principle that involves fluctuating one-dimensional strands, is tested. Classical and quantum properties of space and gravitation, from the field equations of general relativity to gravitons, are deduced. Predictions include the lack of any change to general relativity at all sub-galactic scales, the validity of black hole thermodynamics, the lack of singularities and the lack of unknown observable quantum gravity effects. So far, all predictions agree with observations, including the validity of the maximum luminosity or power value c^5/G for all processes in nature, from microscopic to astronomical. Finally, it is shown that the strand conjecture implies a model for elementary particles that allows deducing ab-initio upper and lower limits for their mass values.

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Hi Mr Schiller, thanks for developing. I have read too the paper of Wilczek, he has the same kind of reasoning that you . I have myself tried in this reasoning with the lie groups , and in trying to unify G c and h, with even the non commutativity and with the strings in considering these fields like origin of our standard model and 2 E8 and in considering so that this SM was from this GR. But I have found enormpous philosophical and ontological rpoblems like I explained , that is why it is not renormalisable even. So I have thought differently in considering the particles like primary essence and 3D spheres like foundamental objects and in considering the DM and the DE too , so 3 spacetimes, I was surprised to quantify it in encoding the photons and the cold dark matter in this space vacuum of the DE. So the gravitons are not in my model the quanta of gravitational waves, the gravitational waves so are just photons oscillating , 3D series of spheres for these photons and they have a mass. This reasoning permits to quantify this quantum gravitation because simply we respect the newtonian mechanic, and this explains too the antimatter and a fith force appears. That said your model is interesting for a better understanding of the feilds and this GR. The main problem for me in all humility is always to consider these photons and this GR like primary essence and like the cause of this SM. If we consider these 3 spacetimes and the Spheres, that does not contredict this GR , that just permit to complete the puzzle, and in being ancoded in this vacuum of the DE, that permits to explain the fields bosonic. That is why I have superimposed 4 E8 and these spheres .3 systems free cosmologically, the main codes in this DE, and the photons and the cold dark matter and the baryonic matter due to the 3 others merging. Your strand conjecture and ideas can converge like it exists a conjecture too with the strings, the fields and these Spheres in this superfluidity, best regards

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