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FQXi BLOGS
April 18, 2021

CATEGORY: Blog [back]
TOPIC: Electromechanics for thermodynamics at the nano-scale by Natalia Ares [refresh]
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Blogger Natalia Ares wrote on May. 30, 2020 @ 15:57 GMT
FQXI's Natalia Ares describes how quantum physicists are seeking to better understand how thermodynamics operates at small scales. Here, fluctuations are significant and quantum behaviour arises. This may reveal possibilities for entirely novel technologies.

We can explore thermodynamics in this limit by combining exquisite control over mechanical degrees of freedom and the quantum states of confined electrons. Ares describes how to detect the displacement of a carbon nanotube approaching the standard quantum limit near the phonon ground state [1-2]. With quantum dots embedded in a carbon nanotube, her team has been able to explore the impact of electron tunnelling in the nanotube’s mechanical energy, evidenced by the excitation of coherent self oscillations [3]. Ares discusses the potential of these findings to pave the way for experiments on quantum thermodynamics, in particular, for direct measurements of work exchange.

References

[1] N. Ares et al. Physical Review Letters 117, 170801 (2016)

[2] Y. Wen et al. Applied Physics Letters 113, 153101 (2018)

[3] Y. Wen et al. Nature Physics 16, 75 (2020)

Keywords: QuarantineThermo InformationAsFuel nanotechnology carbonnanotubes quantumdots



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