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Current Essay Contest


Contest Partners: Fetzer Franklin Fund, and The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation

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Undecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability Essay Contest
December 24, 2019 - April 24, 2020
Contest Partners: Fetzer Franklin Fund, and The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation
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What Is “Fundamental”
October 28, 2017 to January 22, 2018
Sponsored by the Fetzer Franklin Fund and The Peter & Patricia Gruber Foundation
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Wandering Towards a Goal
How can mindless mathematical laws give rise to aims and intention?
December 2, 2016 to March 3, 2017
Contest Partner: The Peter and Patricia Gruber Fund.
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Trick or Truth: The Mysterious Connection Between Physics and Mathematics
Contest Partners: Nanotronics Imaging, The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, and The John Templeton Foundation
Media Partner: Scientific American

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How Should Humanity Steer the Future?
January 9, 2014 - August 31, 2014
Contest Partners: Jaan Tallinn, The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, The John Templeton Foundation, and Scientific American
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It From Bit or Bit From It
March 25 - June 28, 2013
Contest Partners: The Gruber Foundation, J. Templeton Foundation, and Scientific American
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Questioning the Foundations
Which of Our Basic Physical Assumptions Are Wrong?
May 24 - August 31, 2012
Contest Partners: The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, SubMeta, and Scientific American
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Is Reality Digital or Analog?
November 2010 - February 2011
Contest Partners: The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation and Scientific American
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What's Ultimately Possible in Physics?
May - October 2009
Contest Partners: Astrid and Bruce McWilliams
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The Nature of Time
August - December 2008
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RECENT POSTS IN THIS TOPIC

Jonathan Dickau: on 5/18/20 at 16:52pm UTC, wrote I wish I could be more generous Gene... This essay contains some good...

Lachlan Cresswell: on 5/18/20 at 3:54am UTC, wrote Dear Gene, I found this paper you wrote most interesting. My research...

Vladimir Fedorov: on 5/16/20 at 11:53am UTC, wrote Dear Gene Barbee, Glad to read your work again. I greatly appreciated...

John Hodge: on 4/18/20 at 19:14pm UTC, wrote I just read your comment to my essay and your comment here. I started the...

Gene Barbee: on 4/12/20 at 16:56pm UTC, wrote Requirements for a Unified Theory (including a proposal) Gene H. Barbee,...

Peter Jackson: on 4/12/20 at 8:25am UTC, wrote Hi Gene, Well focussed essay. Wel done. Like Edwin I commend you...

Edwin Klingman: on 4/4/20 at 3:18am UTC, wrote Hi Gene Barbee, I don’t really understand how you extract the Info from...

Gene Barbee: on 3/20/20 at 17:59pm UTC, wrote Essay Abstract Relativity was a huge hit to predictability. Time...


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FQXi FORUM
September 21, 2021

CATEGORY: Undecidability, Uncomputability, and Unpredictability Essay Contest (2019-2020) [back]
TOPIC: Fundamental time and relativity by Gene H Barbee [refresh]
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Author Gene H Barbee wrote on Mar. 20, 2020 @ 17:59 GMT
Essay Abstract

Relativity was a huge hit to predictability. Time was now dependent on velocity and an absolute zero for velocity is hard to find. Everything is moving relative to something else and our energy based universe lost its foundation. Energy is inverse time (E=hv) but there are many conflicting theories regarding time. Confidence in science is also being shaken by difficulties in cosmology regarding dark matter and dark energy. Relativity, of course, is correct but the author’s mass model of the proton provides new insight into how nature creates and accounts for energy. In the model, energy is created through an information based separation process. Mass plus kinetic energy is equal and opposite field energy (E-E=0). No one can doubt the famous Einstein relativity equation E^2= M^2+(PC)^2= E^2. But the model adds another equality; the right hand side total field energy E^2. A component of the constant right hand side field energy allows the gravitational constant to be calculated and appears to define space and time. This suggests that time throughout the universe is everywhere the same. But relativity is proven and accepted universally. This conflict allows us to learn something new about how nature accounts for energy. There is no doubt that space is curved and orbiting bodies follow the curvature but mass alone is the primary effect. The famous light and train thought experiment, gravitational time shift, flat galaxy rotation curves, black holes, gravitational lensing and Hubble’s constant are discussed.

Author Bio

Independent Researcher, retired Eastman Kodak (Research Council), work experience in aerospace and nuclear industry.

Download Essay PDF File

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Edwin Eugene Klingman wrote on Apr. 4, 2020 @ 03:18 GMT
Hi Gene Barbee,

I don’t really understand how you extract the Info from your model that you’ve been developing for a decade, but you say several things that we agree on. And we’ve picked the same topic this year.

For example, you say: “this suggests that time throughout the universe is everywhere the same.

That is the conclusion my essay reached. It is the (3+1)-ontology: 3 space dimensions and one universal time dimension. The relativity model is 4D-ontology where space and time are ‘mixed’ and time is not the same throughout the universe.

Also, in discussing the ‘escape velocity of light’, I believe that your explanation that “the light follows the curvature of the event horizon” is essentially correct.

I also like one measure of energy that you presented: “enough energy to get out of my chair and go for a run.” That’s an energy scale everyone can relate to, or could, before we got arrested for going for a run!

I invite you to read my essay and comment.

Best regards,

Edwin Eugene Klingman

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Peter Jackson wrote on Apr. 12, 2020 @ 08:25 GMT
Hi Gene,

Well focussed essay. Wel done. Like Edwin I commend you particularly for seeing through the variable time 'space/time' description. I recently did some trips with an atomic oscillator, East - West and round the world, confirming Hafele & Keatings findings, originally announced as NOT supporting relativity, though the faithfull soon swooped to get the paper in line!

Of course changing the rate the metronomic machines we call 'clocks' tick, and an atom oscillates, which is easy with ALL acceleration, does NOT change time itself, only apparent periods of emitted signals from same.

Well done.

I think and hope you'll like mine again this year, on even more foundational issues.

Very best

Peter

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Author Gene H Barbee wrote on Apr. 12, 2020 @ 16:56 GMT
Requirements for a Unified Theory (including a proposal)

Gene H. Barbee, April 11, 2020

Abstract

It seems reasonable to propose “strawman” requirements for a Unified Theory to determine if researchers are working toward a common vision.

It seems that many physicists are wondering if a unified theory will converge using ideas of the 20th century. Some are working...

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Lachlan Cresswell replied on May. 18, 2020 @ 03:54 GMT
Dear Gene,

I found this paper you wrote most interesting. My research should be of great interest to you as 18 years ago I developed a working preon model I called gimli theory, that greatly simplifies the understanding of the Standard Model. I can easily calculate the energies of all baryon particles with some simple arithmetic based upon a structural model that tells an important story. I have been able to argue for the removal of the stong and weak nuclear forces, as everything can be explained by magnetic and electric forces only. I can cover all particle interactions with only three quantum numbers, and thus I suggest that the Particle data base needs revision in many areas (not experimentally).

However after nearly two decades of research I now firmly believe we cannot divorce particles from their fields; the two need to be taken together.

Check out my essay, although it doesnt cover this topic, it touches on issues that are pertinent.

Regards

Lockie Cresswell

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John C Hodge wrote on Apr. 18, 2020 @ 19:14 GMT
I just read your comment to my essay and your comment here.

I started the publication part of what became the STOE by formulating the general form - Sources (spiral galaxies) following the QSSC model and Sinks (elliptical galaxies) of the stuff of our universe. The "stuff" are hods (smallest matter particles) and plenum (aether, spacetime, vacuum energy, etc.). The stuff emerges to form all other things and observations in the universe. First, I considered tha astronomical observations - particularly those that the accepted models had difficulty (redshift and periodic redshift, galaxy rotation curves and asymmetric rotation curves, Pioneer Anomaly, etc.). Then the diffraction and interference of light following Newton. A "Universal equation" was developed to apply to both realms of observation. Then (the last few years) I considered there is only one force in the universe - magnetism which is a divergence of the plenum. Thus, photons form electrons and atoms are held together by a magnetic force. I think atomic structures are that photons magnetically hold electrons in position. Protons are held together by electrons magnetic character. The electric characteristic is a result of magnetic particles moving (a plenum effect, not part of a particle). But the magnetism holds photons in structures of all other particles. Here I'm still thinking. How to have structures of STOE photons yield structures that form the 8-fold way and the group structure. Further, the nuclear forces are considered to be particle structures like was suggested for atomic structure (no additional forces). This is where you may help. I note many of your papers are about this realm.

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Vladimir Nikolaevich Fedorov wrote on May. 16, 2020 @ 11:53 GMT
Dear Gene Barbee,

Glad to read your work again.

I greatly appreciated your work and discussion. I am very glad that you are not thinking in abstract patterns.

"that time throughout the universe is everywhere the same. But relativity is proven and accepted universally".

While the discussion lasted, I wrote an article: “Practical guidance on calculating resonant frequencies at four levels of diagnosis and inactivation of COVID-19 coronavirus”, due to the high relevance of this topic. The work is based on the practical solution of problems in quantum mechanics, presented in the essay FQXi 2019-2020 “Universal quantum laws of the universe to solve the problems of unsolvability, computability and unpredictability”.

I hope that my modest results of work will provide you with information for thought.

Warm Regards, `

Vladimir

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Jonathan J. Dickau wrote on May. 18, 2020 @ 16:52 GMT
I wish I could be more generous Gene...

This essay contains some good ideas and a little wisdom. You are correct that re-working the description of the proton can have wide benefits in both particle physics and cosmology. And you have some sound reasoning. I think there is good sense to the idea that a neutron might actually be a proton with an electron inside, and the anti-neutrino representing a flip or twist - to get it to fit.

So much of your good work is obscured by your lack of dexterity with the equation editor, though, or some other means of creating a consistent appearance for all of your Maths in standard notation. Having to parse the abbreviated notation, and to iron out the ambiguities therefrom, makes it harder to read or follow. Admittedly; there are some like Lawrence Crowell who do use standard notation, but still force people to take time out to translate or interpret the Math.

Nice job on reconciling the bubbles of space with Relativity via an 'accounting trick' but to some it will come across as 'epicycles' rather than a legit explanation. So this has to be a mixed review. I'd love to see a reprint of this paper with everything typeset properly. You didn't need to attribute the one equation (from Schwarzschild) to Wiki because it is common to a broader base. But if all of your equations used similar formatting, it would improve things a lot.

All the Best,

Jonathan

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