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January 21, 2018

CATEGORY: The Nature of Time Essay Contest (2008) [back]
TOPIC: The Theory of Time, Space and Gravitation by Robert D. Sadykov [refresh]
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Robert D. Sadykov wrote on Nov. 28, 2008 @ 09:31 GMT
Essay Abstract

The system approach and special optical methods are applied to research of physical properties of time. Interesting results are obtained.

Author Bio

Department of scientific research TATNEFT, Kazan, Republic Tatarstan, RUSSIA

Download Essay PDF File

Robert Sadykov wrote on Nov. 28, 2008 @ 22:11 GMT
The given research of time is alternative to the special and general theory of relativity.

Cristi Stoica wrote on Dec. 1, 2008 @ 13:31 GMT
Dear Robert,

Congratulations for the interesting and good-looking essay! I think that, together with the interpretation of the data based on the gravidynamic effect, you offer a totally fresh paradigm for General Relativity, if not an alternative theory.

Good luck with your research,

Cristi Stoica

“Flowing with a Frozen River”,

Robert Sadykov wrote on Dec. 9, 2008 @ 16:33 GMT
Dear Cristi Stoica,

One of many questions in the essay "Flowing with a Frozen River": is time discrete, or continuous? Or in other words: whether time has the quantum nature? In the essay "The Theory of Time, Space and Gravitation" the time is created by the motion, and properties of the motion define properties of time. Therefore, discrete character of the motion in principle can form discrete time. But, all it is not so simple. The continuous motion forms the causal effect, which we observe, and the inertial mass here plays a large role. The causal effect in turn forms the arrow of time. In case of the discrete motion the causal effect is not obvious. The moving material point actually disappears in one spatial cell and afresh appears in the next cell. In this case all Universe periodically disappears and again is born in a somewhat changed form. Each material point should be in the separate cell of space some minimal time. Here we observe the second problem: it is impossible to find a physical meaning to minimal time, when any motion, i.e. any change of a state of the material system is absent. The third problem consists in necessity of renunciation of laws of conservation of energy and momentum because of the contradiction with the discrete time and discrete motion. Acceptance of the minimal space and minimal time can be caused by necessity to exclude infinitely large and infinitesimal values, for example, the infinitesimal sizes of the electron and infinitely large potential energy of the electromagnetic field of the electron. But, for this purpose there are other solutions (see essay). Thus, contrary to the general tendency to quantize all, we accept the continuous space, continuous time and continuous motion because of absence of any contradictions.

Yours faithfully

Robert Sadykov

Peter Lynds wrote on Dec. 10, 2008 @ 03:40 GMT
Excellent (and intriguing) essay Robert. As I don't believe that interval in time exists, I naturally understand what you are trying to do. Good luck.

Best wishes


narendra nath wrote on Dec. 14, 2008 @ 15:51 GMT
Dear robert,

On openng the site tob read your essay, i found only 1 st page and the rest were seen to be blank, a mystery indeed. How the rest disappeared from site is best known to you or the organisers of the website.

As per my understanding, if we hold spave and time as quantized, we do have the problem of the reality of existence appearing and disappering again and again. Time and space need to be continuosly flowing for us to accept these concepts to understand the observed phenomena in nature. Also, discontinuities may bring distortion in space and time that may well become meaningful if one believes in the Uncertainity relations between pairs of conjugate pairs.We are saved by nature by our inability to analyse a single event of a physical process in measurement. We are bound to avarage overa large no. of events before we get a number to represent the process using probability concept. I just wonder how is it that all physical processes follow yhis priciple of randomicity of individual events, as if everything is governed by chance. How come that the reality of physical existence demaqnd no order or logic in manifesattaion of any process. When one looks at the evolution of the Universe, the whole thing appears to follow a logical planned design. Then where all this 'order'seems to lie when an individual process is being investigated and we claim to see/observe only a magnitude that is an average of a large number of individual events. To me, order seems to contain the disorder too but not the other way around. Similarly, Silence appears to contain the noise too but not the other way around.

Robert Sadykov wrote on Dec. 15, 2008 @ 02:13 GMT
Dear Narendra Nath,

Two approaches to definition of the nature of time in the given essay is realized. 1) Definition of connection of time with space, motion, inertia, gravitation, momentum and energy. 2) Definition of all physical factors having influence on the time flow speed. After generalization of all received results the full portrait of physical time is created. Besides, many interesting strokes are added to portraits of space, energy, inertia and gravitation.


Robert Sadykov

PS On website everything is all right, but if to open essay still a problem, then can be sent the test letter to the address, and I shall send a file of essay.

Robert Sadykov wrote on Dec. 16, 2008 @ 10:37 GMT
Dear Peter Lynds,

If something has any physical properties then it exists. Both the motion and time have physical properties. Therefore, we accept their existence. The time is created by the motion and depends on the motion. Therefore, in case of the discontinuance of any motion the time disappears. The problem arises, if we unreasonably expand number of physical properties of time. For example, in case of the gravitational radiation the time exists irrespective of a source of the gravitational field and has substantial character, in particular, contains energy. It is a mistake of the general theory of relativity and by the way not single.


Robert Sadykov

James Putnam wrote on Dec. 29, 2008 @ 17:37 GMT
Dear Robert D. Sadykov,

I agree that the speed of light decreases with increasing graviational effects. I include this same concept in my theoretical work. Our presentations are different. I applaud you for looking for a more logical explanation for relativity type effects. You win one of my restricted votes.

James Putnam

Robert Sadykov wrote on Jan. 8, 2009 @ 12:24 GMT
Dear James A. Putnam,

Speed of light plays the important role in understanding of the nature of time. Three possible reasons exist for an explanation of the observable constancy of speed of light:

1. Feature of propagation of light in the vacuum;

2. Feature of propagation of light in the luminiferous ether;

3. Feature of propagation of light in the gravitational field.

The first reason is considered in the special theory of relativity, where speed of light in vacuum is the constant for any inertial observer. The second item is presented in different variants of the ether theory. The third reason is researched in the essay The Theory of Time, Space and Gravitation, where the constancy of speed of light is consequence of action of gravitation. In this theory it is proved, that the time dilation and increase in inertial mass are gravitational effects. The inconsistent effect of longitudinal length contraction in the new theory is absent. Any contradictions typical for the special theory relativity, for example, the clock paradox are absent also. As is well known, in the general theory of relativity a problem of gravitational energy still remains not solved. In the new theory gravitational energy is precisely localized.


Robert Sadykov

James Putnam wrote on Jan. 11, 2009 @ 21:14 GMT
Dear Robert Sadykov,

The subject of my essay is taken from my work at The full theoretical work relies upon the changing speed of light. Our presentations and conclusions have major differences. At the end of my essay I referred to mass as being the inverse of acceleration. The fundamental property that undergoes this acceleration is light. I also mentioned that the absoluteness of time is the physics key to achieving theoretical unity. The reason I said this was: My work uses changes in the speed of light as the single original cause for all effects. The fundamental increment of time presented is: The constant universal reference by which to measure all effects with respect to time. So, our presentations are different in significant ways. Still, I am pleased to see that you took this opportunity to present a case for your theory. Rather than talking about my ideas which I did not make a part of my essay, I would be interested in having you elaborate, if it can be done here in a helpful way, on the conclusions you mention in section 15. Ockman's Razor.


James Putnam

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