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Previous Contests

What Is “Fundamental”
October 28, 2017 to January 22, 2018
Sponsored by the Fetzer Franklin Fund and The Peter & Patricia Gruber Foundation

Wandering Towards a Goal
How can mindless mathematical laws give rise to aims and intention?
December 2, 2016 to March 3, 2017
Contest Partner: The Peter and Patricia Gruber Fund.

Trick or Truth: The Mysterious Connection Between Physics and Mathematics
Contest Partners: Nanotronics Imaging, The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, and The John Templeton Foundation
Media Partner: Scientific American


How Should Humanity Steer the Future?
January 9, 2014 - August 31, 2014
Contest Partners: Jaan Tallinn, The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, The John Templeton Foundation, and Scientific American

It From Bit or Bit From It
March 25 - June 28, 2013
Contest Partners: The Gruber Foundation, J. Templeton Foundation, and Scientific American

Questioning the Foundations
Which of Our Basic Physical Assumptions Are Wrong?
May 24 - August 31, 2012
Contest Partners: The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, SubMeta, and Scientific American

Is Reality Digital or Analog?
November 2010 - February 2011
Contest Partners: The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation and Scientific American

What's Ultimately Possible in Physics?
May - October 2009
Contest Partners: Astrid and Bruce McWilliams

The Nature of Time
August - December 2008

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Juan Ramón González Álvarez: on 2/26/18 at 20:35pm UTC, wrote I agree completely that time is a fundamental quantity. I know some...

Steven Andresen: on 2/22/18 at 6:57am UTC, wrote Dear Jeff If you are looking for another essay to read and rate in the...

Satyavarapu Gupta: on 2/13/18 at 12:21pm UTC, wrote Wonderful Jeff McKee McKee, I feel time is one of the fundamental...

George Gantz: on 2/10/18 at 15:30pm UTC, wrote Jeff - I enjoyed your ruminations. The movement of time indeed, for us,...

Ajay Pokhrel: on 2/4/18 at 6:20am UTC, wrote Hello Jeff, You've presented your philosophy in the essay but the real...

Joe Fisher: on 2/2/18 at 16:36pm UTC, wrote Dear Fellow Essayists This will be my final plea for fair treatment., ...

Joe Fisher: on 2/1/18 at 17:46pm UTC, wrote Dear Jeff McKee, is clearly seeking to confirm whether Nature is...

Jeff McKee: on 1/31/18 at 20:32pm UTC, wrote Essay Abstract A new look at an old direction in time, making time...


Georgina Woodward: "Hi Ian, I've been thinking about choice of carrot or pepper. Behaving in a..." in Measuring Free Will: Ian...

Lorraine Ford: "(continued) 3. “…so this is what defines a free choice : the Zeta..." in Measuring Free Will: Ian...

Georgina Woodward: "What is happening in material reality provides the connection to inertia...." in Bonus Koan: Distant...

Georgina Woodward: ""We saw early on that as conformed by countless experiment, there is no..." in Bonus Koan: Distant...

andrea gonzalez: "Interesting stuff to read. Keep it up. If want to collect free gift card..." in Memory, Causality and...

Joe Fisher: "Dear Dr. Kuhn, Today’s Closer To Truth Facebook page contained this..." in First Things First: The...

Poker Online: "" in Downward causation:...

Enquire us: "Your Ro system desires regular maintenance to confirm it’s continually in..." in Agency in the Physical...

click titles to read articles

First Things First: The Physics of Causality
Why do we remember the past and not the future? Untangling the connections between cause and effect, choice, and entropy.

Can Time Be Saved From Physics?
Philosophers, physicists and neuroscientists discuss how our sense of time’s flow might arise through our interactions with external stimuli—despite suggestions from Einstein's relativity that our perception of the passage of time is an illusion.

A devilish new framework of thermodynamics that focuses on how we observe information could help illuminate our understanding of probability and rewrite quantum theory.

Gravity's Residue
An unusual approach to unifying the laws of physics could solve Hawking's black-hole information paradox—and its predicted gravitational "memory effect" could be picked up by LIGO.

Could Mind Forge the Universe?
Objective reality, and the laws of physics themselves, emerge from our observations, according to a new framework that turns what we think of as fundamental on its head.

August 25, 2019

CATEGORY: FQXi Essay Contest - Spring, 2017 [back]
TOPIC: Time is fundamental by Jeff McKee [refresh]
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Author Jeff McKee McKee wrote on Jan. 31, 2018 @ 20:32 GMT
Essay Abstract

A new look at an old direction in time, making time real space the illusion.

Author Bio

Jeff McKee has traveled around the sun 64 times and along his journey he earned two honorable discharges from the US Navy spending time in Pensacola, Florida and On board the USS Kitty Hawk. Jeff is a retired fire fighter/paramedic with over 24 years of service. Jeff has been studying time his entire life.

Download Essay PDF File

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Ajay Pokhrel wrote on Feb. 4, 2018 @ 06:20 GMT
Hello Jeff,

You've presented your philosophy in the essay but the real thing is that we need facts and evidence to prove entity in science. However, your thoughts are astonishing and offending at the same time where you say space is an illusion.

Kind regards

Ajay Pokharel

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George Gantz wrote on Feb. 10, 2018 @ 15:30 GMT
Jeff - I enjoyed your ruminations. The movement of time indeed, for us, puts the real in reality. Mass (and its movement) is the trajectory of the past. Space is the open-mindedness of the future. Great analogies.

It would have been nice to hear more, and to get some grounding on where these ideas lead. I'd be interested in your reaction to my essay, and the conclusion that there is a purpose/intention in the flowing movement of mass through space evolving into an ever more diverse, complex and mystical place - the world we live in.

Cheers - George Gantz

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Satyavarapu Naga Parameswara Gupta wrote on Feb. 13, 2018 @ 12:21 GMT
Wonderful Jeff McKee McKee,

I feel time is one of the fundamental dimension... I like to have a discussion... By the way...

Here in my essay energy to mass conversion is proposed...……..….. yours is very nice essay best wishes …. I highly appreciate hope your essay ….You may please spend some of the valuable time on Dynamic Universe Model also and give your some of the...

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Steven Andresen wrote on Feb. 22, 2018 @ 06:57 GMT
Dear Jeff

If you are looking for another essay to read and rate in the final days of the contest, will you consider mine please? I read all essays from those who comment on my page, and if I cant rate an essay highly, then I don’t rate them at all. Infact I haven’t issued a rating lower that ten. So you have nothing to lose by having me read your essay, and everything to...

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Juan Ramón González Álvarez wrote on Feb. 26, 2018 @ 20:35 GMT
I agree completely that time is a fundamental quantity.

I know some academicians claim that time is eternal and already existed before the big-bang. I find all those discussions totally useless and a waste of... time, because they cannot be disproved/confirmed. We could equally imagine that before the big bang the flying spaghetti monster dominated non-existence, but this isn't scientific.

"Time is what a clock measures". One would differentiate between the concept of time and the operational way to measure it; a broken clock doesn't measure time.

"Is the present static?" No. "What is the present?" The present is the union of the future with the past. The union of what existed with what is still to be defined. Many years ago I prepared a figure to represent this (see attachment). I would update and perfect it some day, but it shows the future in perpetual construction. Purple lines represent trajectories are well-defined but get fuzzier when time is larger than a critical Lyapunov time.

We see and feel the present.

"The variation of our clocks shows us that it is time that is warped not space". Neither one nor the other are warped.

"As far as I can see there is no center to the universe in space". The center of mass of the universe can be taken as its center.

"I do not see space as a void but as time. I can see that book 10 feet across the room from me but I know it is 2 seconds away in time for me to pick it up. The moon, less than 2 seconds from me via a photon, maybe a month trip for a tourist in a few years". Space and time are two different concepts, with different properties, measured differently and with different units. The book is at a fixed distance. We can associate different times to that distance, but they are the times needed to travel that distance. There is one time per each velocity. So time and distance wouldn't be confused.

attachments: timeflow.png

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