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RECENT POSTS IN THIS TOPIC

Steven Andresen: on 2/23/18 at 14:04pm UTC, wrote Dear Milen If you are looking for another essay to read and rate in the...

Joe Fisher: on 1/30/18 at 20:24pm UTC, wrote Dear Fellow Essayists This will be my final plea for fair treatment., ...

Satyavarapu Gupta: on 1/27/18 at 0:58am UTC, wrote Hi Milen Velchev Velev Very nicely said…. “Physical laws are regarded...

Francesco D'Isa: on 1/24/18 at 10:07am UTC, wrote Dear Milen, thank you for sharing your essay, it's very interesting and I...

John Merryman: on 1/20/18 at 3:13am UTC, wrote Professor Velev, Might I offer up a basic observation about time?...

Edwin Klingman: on 1/17/18 at 4:03am UTC, wrote Dear Milen Velev, You observe that a large number of physical laws depend...

Joe Fisher: on 1/16/18 at 20:36pm UTC, wrote Dear Professor Milen Velchev Velev, You wrote: “Let us first clarify...

Stephen Ternyik: on 1/15/18 at 8:37am UTC, wrote Good work ! Do you think or can you imagine that the initial conditions...


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FQXi FORUM
July 17, 2019

CATEGORY: FQXi Essay Contest - Spring, 2017 [back]
TOPIC: Are physical laws fundamental? by Milen Velchev Velev [refresh]
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Author Milen Velchev Velev wrote on Jan. 11, 2018 @ 21:07 GMT
Essay Abstract

Physical laws are regarded as fundamental because they are valid everywhere and always, without exceptions. The type of physical laws is to a great extent determined by the properties of time and space. If these properties change, the type of physical laws will change. But the properties of time and space might not be invariable and most probably depend on the initial conditions of the creation of the Universe (the Big Bang). Under different initial conditions the properties of time and space may be different. The essay presented discusses the issue of the properties of time – how fundamental they are and how a change in them would affect the physical laws known to us. The connection between the one-way direction of time and the physical laws is examined as well as the dependencies between the thermodynamic and the information arrows of time. The essay also discusses how a change in the number of time dimensions would affect the known physical principles: the causal structure of a space-time, the Lorentz covariance, the principle of invariance of the speed of light, the CPT-symmetry, the existence of antiparticles, etc. The conclusion reached is that the fundamentality of the laws was largely determined by the initial conditions of the Big Bang.

Author Bio

Milen Velev is PhD and Chief Assistant Professor at University “Prof. Dr. A. Zlatarov” – Burgas, Bulgaria. He is the author of the papers “Relativistic mechanics in multiple time dimensions” and “Information and thermodynamic arrows of time”. His research interests include applied mathematics, special and general relativity, quantum mechanics, cosmology, philosophy of science, the nature of space and time, chaos theory, mathematical economics, micro- and macroeconomics.

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Stephen I. Ternyik wrote on Jan. 15, 2018 @ 08:37 GMT
Good work ! Do you think or can you imagine that the initial conditions (vibrations) of the Big Bang had a foreplay, in sexual terms, concerning cosmogenesis/somatogenesis ?

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Edwin Eugene Klingman wrote on Jan. 17, 2018 @ 04:03 GMT
Dear Milen Velev,

You observe that a large number of physical laws depend on the properties of space-time… "The law of conservation of energy follows from the homogeneity of time." You then note that "space and time are inseparable, viewed as a single unified space-time…" but observe that "time has some specific properties that make it different from space."

On page 4 you ask "is the Minkowski space-time real and should we accept time as a fourth dimension, given the fact that special theory of relativity can be equally formulated in a 3-D and 4D language."… "We have to solve this issue before seriously discussing a theory involving a large number of dimensions (of space or time)." You then proceed to analyze various cases multiple time dimensions. My essay takes a look at the history of special relativity and attempts to answer some of your first questions. I hope you will find it interesting.

Best regards,

Edwin Eugene Klingman

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John Brodix Merryman wrote on Jan. 20, 2018 @ 03:13 GMT
Professor Velev,

Might I offer up a basic observation about time? Hopefully yes....

As conscious beings, we experience reality of flashes of cognition and so think of time as the present moving from past to future, which physics has codified as measures of duration between prior and succeeding events.

A more efficient explanation is that it is change turning future to past,...

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Francesco D'Isa wrote on Jan. 24, 2018 @ 10:07 GMT
Dear Milen,

thank you for sharing your essay, it's very interesting and I rated it high. Sadly I've not the mathematical tools to evaluate the final parts, but your idea of changing laws along with different properties of space-time is very interesting – united with the evolving laws theorized by Smolin it gives an insightful perspective in the matter of fundamentality.

Since I touch something close in my essay, but more from a philosophical point of view, I'm interested in how the perspective on time changes depending on where you place the observer in the "whole space-time". Sorry if I quote from my own text to make myself clear:

> [...] Thus just like a certain physics process causes thirst and it is necessary to its existence, thus thirst as well is necessary to the physics process which coexists or precedes it. Thirst cannot occur without a certain physical process, but that certain process cannot occur without thirst. The concept of causality can be misleading, because it always brings us to consider only a small portion of the causal network in order to obtain a prediction. Water boils if I heat it on the fire, but not just because of it; the air surrounding it, my decision to cook a boiled egg, the influence of the sun which allows water to exist at the liquid state, the presence of a life form with the necessity to eat – more: my water needs my (future) partaking of a boiled meal, my turning off the fire, my being full – in short all the present, past and future relationships which define that exact phenomenon and are necessary to it. The boiling water which cooked my egg, indeed, is not the same boiling water with which, if I had made different choices, I would have brewed tea. It is placed in a different chain of relationships.

Best regards and good luck!

Francesco D'Isa

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Satyavarapu Naga Parameswara Gupta wrote on Jan. 27, 2018 @ 00:58 GMT
Hi Milen Velchev Velev

Very nicely said…. “Physical laws are regarded as fundamental because they are valid everywhere and always, without exceptions. The type of physical laws is to a great extent determined by the properties of time and space. If these properties change, the type of physical laws will change.” dear Milen Velchev Velev Cpasibo esyo ras dlya xorosho slovo Milen...

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Joe Fisher wrote on Jan. 30, 2018 @ 20:24 GMT
Dear Fellow Essayists

This will be my final plea for fair treatment.,

FQXI is clearly seeking to find out if there is a fundamental REALITY.

Reliable evidence exists that proves that the surface of the earth was formed millions of years before man and his utterly complex finite informational systems ever appeared on that surface. It logically follows that Nature must have permanently devised the only single physical construct of earth allowable.

All objects, be they solid, liquid, or vaporous have always had a visible surface. This is because the real Universe must consist only of one single unified VISIBLE infinite surface occurring eternally in one single infinite dimension that am always illuminated mostly by finite non-surface light.

Only the truth can set you free.

Joe Fisher, Realist

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Steven Andresen wrote on Feb. 23, 2018 @ 14:04 GMT
Dear Milen

If you are looking for another essay to read and rate in the final days of the contest, will you consider mine please?

A couple of days in and semblance of my essay taking form, however the house bound inactivity was wearing me. I had just the remedy, so took off for a solo sail across the bay. In the lea of cove, I had underestimated the open water wind strengths. My...

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