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What Is “Fundamental”
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How can mindless mathematical laws give rise to aims and intention?
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How Should Humanity Steer the Future?
January 9, 2014 - August 31, 2014
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It From Bit or Bit From It
March 25 - June 28, 2013
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Which of Our Basic Physical Assumptions Are Wrong?
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RECENT POSTS IN THIS TOPIC

Jonathan Dickau: on 6/7/14 at 1:29am UTC, wrote I like your idea Stuart, I think your central thesis is excellent, but I...

Peter Jackson: on 6/7/14 at 0:33am UTC, wrote Stuart, I hope you get to respond as you suggested above. Best of luck...

Stuart Marongwe: on 6/4/14 at 10:58am UTC, wrote Hello Toby Thank you for coming by and reading my essay.The point I am...

Toby Lightheart: on 6/4/14 at 7:20am UTC, wrote Hi Stuart, We seem to come at the question from quite different...

Stuart Marongwe: on 5/19/14 at 8:35am UTC, wrote Judy Thank you for appreciating my essay.I am reading yours and will give...

Judy Nabb: on 5/18/14 at 23:27pm UTC, wrote Stuart, As my current neighbour in score and also alphabetically I read...

Stuart Marongwe: on 5/16/14 at 12:19pm UTC, wrote Hie Jim Thank you for your well thought comments. Yes an understanding of...

James Hoover: on 5/15/14 at 19:16pm UTC, wrote Stuart, Certainly the fundamental force of gravity seems to be the least...


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FQXi FORUM
October 14, 2019

CATEGORY: How Should Humanity Steer the Future? Essay Contest (2014) [back]
TOPIC: The Prometheus Factor and Three Key Indicators of an Advanced Society by Stuart Marongwe [refresh]
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Author Stuart Marongwe wrote on Apr. 22, 2014 @ 12:36 GMT
Essay Abstract

We find ourselves in the 21st century due to the efforts and conscious decisions of generations before us. The technological advances and freedoms we enjoy have come by largely through sacrifice, foresight and an enduring curiosity to understand the world and worlds around us. Here by freedoms I am referring to freedom from all forms of bondage including ignorance. In this essay I shall argue that the salient features of a culturally advanced society are its efficient use of green technologies, advanced information, data acquisition and communication technologies and the ability to understand and harness the fundamental forces of nature in particular gravity.

Author Bio

Stuart Marongwe is a Physicist at McConnell College in Botswana. His research interests are in Quantum gravity and Quantum Cosmology. He often takes long walks into the singing grasses of the African bushveld for inspiration.

Download Essay PDF File

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Author Stuart Marongwe wrote on Apr. 23, 2014 @ 17:59 GMT
I would like to include as an addendum, that I have a paper accepted for publication in the International Journal of Geometric Methods in modern physics www.worldscientific.com/toc/ijgmmp/0/ja called The Nexus Graviton: A quantum of Dark energy and Dark Matter in which Dark matter and Dark Energy are explained as different manifestations of Quantum gravity.

For example the energy of the graviton is calculated as E = hH where h = Planck's constant and h is the present Hubble constant as determined by the WMAP collaboration H=


the cosmological constant is calculated as



More importantly an equation of quantum gravity is derived which includes dark matter, dark energy and baryonic matter contributions. MoNDian behaviour of Dark Matter is also derived.

Regards

Stuart

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Joe Fisher wrote on Apr. 24, 2014 @ 16:02 GMT
Dear Doctor Marongue,

Your essay was so thrilling to read, I fear I may not be able to sleep because of the intellectual intensity your words inspired in me. I do have one little quibble I hope you do not mind me mentioning.

All of the so-called physics sub-atomic particles are abstract. I contend that all of space must be jam-packed with trillions and trillions of real particles....

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Author Stuart Marongwe wrote on Apr. 24, 2014 @ 16:50 GMT
Dear Joe Fisher

Thank you for your post. It gives me great pleasure to know that my essay has inspired you to think and question the foundations of physics in search of a way forward.It has been highlighted by the Dark Energy Task Force that nothing short of a revolution in our current understanding of nature is required to understand Dark Energy.The fact that you are begining to formulate new ideas about reality is an activity you will find both exciting and be held in awe at the elegance of nature.However to get to the truth we apply the scientific method. We gather data, find a suitable hypothesis to explain the facts and make predictions which can be tested.I am requesting you to take your ideas a bit further. Gather some facts and organize them and come up with an idea based foremost on what is known about nature and then make new predictions on the behaviour of matter. Who knows you might be having an idea that will steer humanity to a pleasant future.

Keep intouch

Kind regards

Stuart

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Joe Fisher replied on Apr. 25, 2014 @ 14:04 GMT
Stuart,

Reality is not experimental. Nothing sensible ever came out of a laboratory. Each event that takes place in a laboratory is unusual, unreasonable and unnecessary. Thank you for your careful sentiments though.

Joe

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Christian Corda wrote on Apr. 24, 2014 @ 17:17 GMT
Dear Stuart,

As I promised in my FQXi page, I have read your beautiful Essay, which gave me a lot of fun. Here are my comments:

1) As I am a physicist of gravitation, I strongly appreciate the importance that you give to a better understanding of gravitational theory in your nice dream that the ultimate goal of the humanity is to reach for the stars and colonize worlds beyond our...

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Peter Jackson replied on Apr. 28, 2014 @ 15:44 GMT
Christian,

I've never managed to fully accept the bar to localisation of gravity. Perhaps you of Stuart can explain why a consistent local distribution can't mimic freefall. To analogise; If we're hit by a snowball or pail of water, or stand in a hailstorm then ok we experience anisotropic and quantized force. Yet if we immerse ourselves in deep water and float free, we may then have higher energy density all around us, but will feel no anisotropy. If the pressure has an anisotropic distribution?then we will still free-float, but gently move towards the lower pressure zone.

If gravity is held in pure plasma; free fermions and protons forming such a medium, then concentrations will act as the universe does at a macro scale, but surely not conflict with it's quantization as condensation (via the Higgs spin state if you wish) from some (non or 'anti' gravitational) dark energy background to allow QG.

Is that not consistently logical? or have I missed something?

Thanks

Peter

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Author Stuart Marongwe wrote on Apr. 25, 2014 @ 06:29 GMT
Dear Chris

Thank you for your encouraging comments.As we are studying the same phenomenon of quantum gravity I see us as birds of the same feather.I will send you a copy of my paper and perhaps it will explain question 4.

You are right to be afraid of cybernetic egos. Who knows how big they can grow and perhaps become the Skynet in Terminator or Agent Smith in the Matrix trilogy and therein lies the danger.However if we are can these avoid these worst case scenarios perhaps they can do us good...perhaps!

Kind regards

Stuart

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Author Stuart Marongwe wrote on Apr. 25, 2014 @ 08:07 GMT
Chris

Sorry for the typos in my last post. I have to disable the predictive text on my smart phone. I meant to say "if we can avoid these worst case scenarios perhaps they can do us good...perhaps! "

regards

Stuart

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Peter Jackson wrote on Apr. 28, 2014 @ 16:05 GMT
Stuart,

An essay densely packed with high powered quantum value and classically consistent logic. You may already be aware I agree with most, and I was pleasantly surprised at other connectivity with my own essay deriving QM classically. In particular I liked;

"...we end up with a four vector expressed as a wave packet in which waves superimpose to form the event and beyond the...

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Author Stuart Marongwe replied on Apr. 29, 2014 @ 05:26 GMT
Hello Peter

Thank you very much for reading and appreciating my essay. I do not mind the trolls as long as there are folks like you to exchange ideas with. It seems our different are converging towards a solution. You have given Christian and I something to think about which I am doing right now. Will post a reply once I have chewed it a bit more.

regards

stuart

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Douglas Alexander Singleton wrote on May. 4, 2014 @ 22:43 GMT
Hi Stuart,

I liked the space colonization aspect of your essay. I'm a fan/supporter of space exploration. Also the development of green technologies is important to make sure we have the time to develop things like some kind of drive mechanism that will get us to the stars. But I am a bit more pessimistic about the time scale for this i.e. a propulsion system that would carry...

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Author Stuart Marongwe wrote on May. 5, 2014 @ 07:14 GMT
Hi Doug

I much appreciate your well thought comments.I understand your point of view that our first ticket to the stars may be a millenia away. Here is my view: I think history is not a linear evolution of events.Opportunities always arise and we need global citizens who can recognise it.This can only be achieved if the citizenary is well informed and value knowlege as a commodity that can be sold by puting it to practical use. To have a an informed citizenary we need to invest in IT infrastructure.

With knowledge of Quantum physics we have managed to develop nuclear techonology and electronics. Likewise with knowledge of quantum gravity we may develop "gravitonics"- the technology to generate or absorb gravitons just as photons or neutrons are manipulated in photonics and nuclear technology.

Currently our propulsion technology is based on Newtonian mechanics which special relativity gives a speed limit.However if spacetime can be manipulated the constraints on speed can be removed.The technology to do just that can only be obtained if we increase our financial and human resources into this endeavor.

Best regards

Stuart

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Andrej Rehak wrote on May. 5, 2014 @ 10:51 GMT
Dear Stuart

I appreciate your passion. Though, I see that your solution rely on inherited conjectures (one shouldn't interpret it as knowledge). If you want to construct Schwarzschild's radius sr or a Black Hole BH, try using their geometrical description; sr=2rd, BH=(d=1), where d=g/c, and g=ra/c

And if you ask me, now and here I am on the self-sufficient planet Earth. From now and here, I do not want to abandon it, and I do not want to colonize other planets worlds in the name of the phrase of the extinction of the humanity. In the infinite spectrum of life, where is and what is humanity anyway? Is there a definition, and if there is, who defined it and in the name of who? What is the current paradigm? How did it all started and how will it all end? :)

Regards

andrej

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Author Stuart Marongwe wrote on May. 5, 2014 @ 13:09 GMT
Dear Andrej

Thank you for your appreciation.Well colonizing other worlds does not mean abandoning our world. As for gravity try reading my paper on quantum gravity at http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S021988781450
0595

Kind regards

Stuart

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Michael muteru wrote on May. 10, 2014 @ 19:20 GMT
I have rated your essay to the best of my understanding,-its great.About the universe,we have a tool that precludes Gravity,relativity and quantum mechanics in a mathematically logical and intuitive way,using model dependent realism,like cartography.to literally describe a landscape using stringy properties of the reality-universe.kindly take your time also to rate/review my essay-living in the shadows of the sun

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Author Stuart Marongwe replied on May. 13, 2014 @ 12:42 GMT
Dear Mike

Thank you for reading my essay. Will read and evaluate your essay.

kind regards

Stuart

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Luca Valeri wrote on May. 13, 2014 @ 12:03 GMT
Hi Stuart,

I referenced your essay in my answer to the comment of Charles Gregory St Pierre. I hope you don't mind. You might have a look at it. If you find the time it would also be nice if you could read my essay and comment on it.

Best regards,

Luca

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Author Stuart Marongwe replied on May. 13, 2014 @ 12:39 GMT
Luca

Thank you very much for appreciating my essay will certainly read and evaluate you essay.

kind regards

Stuart

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James Lee Hoover wrote on May. 15, 2014 @ 19:16 GMT
Stuart,

Certainly the fundamental force of gravity seems to be the least understood and a force that impacts the source of humankind's origin and future. I share the same concerns though I emphasize the human mind as a microcosm of the universe and our key to a viable future.

Interesting ideas, Stuart.

Jim

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Author Stuart Marongwe wrote on May. 16, 2014 @ 12:19 GMT
Hie Jim

Thank you for your well thought comments. Yes an understanding of quantum gravity will open up new possibilities that are only limited by our imagination. The question: "What is gravity?" is certainky one of the most difficult questions to ask a physicist. Is Dark Energy and Dark Matter different manifestations of gravity? Answers to such fundamental questions wil certainly steer humanity into a pleasant future.

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Judy Nabb wrote on May. 18, 2014 @ 23:27 GMT
Stuart,

As my current neighbour in score and also alphabetically I read your essay and was glad I did. Like mine I believe it should be better placed and have no compunction in scoring it highly. I hope you might agree the same of mine.

I was also interested in the conversation with Christian and Peter above, to which you haven't yet responded. I wish you well with your important work.

Judy

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Author Stuart Marongwe replied on May. 19, 2014 @ 08:35 GMT
Judy

Thank you for appreciating my essay.I am reading yours and will give you a vote as soon as I am through.

Cheers

Stuart

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Toby Asher Lightheart wrote on Jun. 4, 2014 @ 07:20 GMT
Hi Stuart,

We seem to come at the question from quite different directions. I don't have the background to make any technical comments on your discussion of quantum computing. Nevertheless, in the short term I don't think quantum computing or theories of gravity are fundamentally significant in how humanity steers the future. Could you please summarise what you think are the main arguments are for their importance?

Regards,

Toby

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Author Stuart Marongwe replied on Jun. 4, 2014 @ 10:58 GMT
Hello Toby

Thank you for coming by and reading my essay.The point I am making is we have have to think long term and answer questions like:

a)What is the ultimate goal of humanity? As the human population increases should we remain as a one planet species?Clearly the resources will not be adquate to sustain an ever increasing population. Ultimately we will have to reach for the stars.To do so we need to sail the vast expanses of space-time.To do so we need to understand the fundamental properties of space-time and see it as a resource that can be harnessed for the benefit of humanity. Although it might take a long time to fully grasp the fundamentals we might learn a few thingsalong the way that might be of immediate use.

b)Understanding Quantum gravity is not just an intellectual pursuit but also has practical and technological benefits some which we cannot comprehend at the moment no more than a person from the 19th centuary would comprehend how humanity would benefit from the newly formulated unfied theory of electricity and magnetism by Maxell.

Regards

Stuart

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Peter Jackson wrote on Jun. 7, 2014 @ 00:33 GMT
Stuart,

I hope you get to respond as you suggested above. Best of luck getting into the final group. My final ratings are going on now including yours, which should help. It'd s been a very interesting but eye aching reading experience. Speed reading really doesn't help much!

I think too many have drifted too far from fundamental physics, but the subject wording did invite that. It certainly drew a diparate bunch of responses, but I'm left seriously doubting out chances of longevity!

Best wishes

Peter

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Jonathan J. Dickau wrote on Jun. 7, 2014 @ 01:29 GMT
I like your idea Stuart,

I think your central thesis is excellent, but I wish you had more to say about why it is so. If I didn't already believe in what you have to say, you would leave me unconvinced. Thanks for taking the time to share your views, though. I'll have more to say, when more time allows. I still hope to read a few more essays.

All the Best,

Jonathan

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