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It From Bit or Bit From It
March 25 - June 28, 2013
Contest Partners: The Gruber Foundation, J. Templeton Foundation, and Scientific American

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What's Ultimately Possible in Physics?
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The Nature of Time
August - December 2008

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James Putnam: on 1/11/09 at 21:17pm UTC, wrote Dear Robert Sadykov, Thank you for your message. I posted a response in...

Robert Sadykov: on 1/8/09 at 12:23pm UTC, wrote Dear James A. Putnam, Speed of light plays the important role in...

James Putnam: on 12/16/08 at 1:01am UTC, wrote Mr. Blumschein, In my answer to you, that extraneous 9 should be a ( as...

James Putnam: on 12/15/08 at 17:56pm UTC, wrote Dear Mr. Blumschein, From Einstein’s Theory of Relativity by Max Born: ...

Eckard Blumschein: on 12/15/08 at 6:01am UTC, wrote James Putnam, If a quantity is called a absolute one like for instance...

James A. Putnam: on 12/1/08 at 14:21pm UTC, wrote Essay Abstract This essay presents a few examples of the...


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July 25, 2014

CATEGORY: The Nature of Time Essay Contest [back]
TOPIC: The Absoluteness of Time by James A. Putnam [refresh]
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James A. Putnam wrote on Dec. 1, 2008 @ 14:21 GMT
Essay Abstract

This essay presents a few examples of the theoretical use of absolute time. It points to a universal, constant value of a fundamental measure of time. It demonstrates the role that this exceptionally useful constant can play in achieving theoretical unity beginning with the fundamentals of physics theory. The constant time period is used in an analysis of the fine structure constant. New equations are derived to further clarify the nature of electromagnetic theory. The mathematics is algebraic manipulation of differential and incremental values. The analysis is on the level of introductory theory. The conclusion emphasizes an expanded role for absolute time in physics theory.

Author Bio

I am the author the websites and its mirror site They present a new physics theory and several essays on physics, life and intelligence. The goal is to establish continuity beginning with fundamental physics and ending with human free will.

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Eckard Blumschein wrote on Dec. 15, 2008 @ 06:01 GMT
James Putnam,

If a quantity is called a absolute one like for instance absolute temperature, then it should have a reference point zero. Do you believe that Christ's birth is appropriate for physics?

Eckard Blumschein

James Putnam wrote on Dec. 15, 2008 @ 17:56 GMT
Dear Mr. Blumschein,

From Einstein’s Theory of Relativity by Max Born:

“In this way Newton came to the conclusion that there is an absolute space and an absolute time. It will be best to give the substance of his own words (the quotations are from the translation of the original Latin by Newton’s contemporary, Andrew Motte, 1729). Concerning time he says:

‘Absolute, True, and Mathematical Time, of itself, and from its own nature flows equably without regard to any thing external, and by another name is called Duration: Relative, Apparent, and Common Time is some sensible and external 9whether accurate or unequable) measure of Duration by the means of motion, which is commonly used instead of True time; such as an Hour, a Day, a Month, a Year….

For the natural days are truly unequal, though they are commonly consider’d as equal, and used for a measure of time: Astronomers correct this inequality for their more accurate deducing of the celestial motions. It may be, that there is no such thing as an equable motion, whereby time may be accurately measured. All motions may be accelerated and retarded, but the True, or equable progress, of Absolute time is liable to no change. The duration or perseverance of the existence of things remains the same, whether the motions are swift or slow, or none at all….’”

As soon as I find out when time began, I will let you know. Thank you for your message.


James Putnam wrote on Dec. 16, 2008 @ 01:01 GMT
Mr. Blumschein,

In my answer to you, that extraneous 9 should be a ( as in: ...external (whether accurate or unequable) measure...


Robert Sadykov wrote on Jan. 8, 2009 @ 12:23 GMT
Dear James A. Putnam,

Speed of light plays the important role in understanding of the nature of time. Three possible reasons exist for an explanation of the observable constancy of speed of light:

1. Feature of propagation of light in the vacuum;

2. Feature of propagation of light in the luminiferous ether;

3. Feature of propagation of light in the gravitational field.

The first reason is considered in the special theory of relativity, where speed of light in vacuum is the constant for any inertial observer. The second item is presented in different variants of the ether theory. The third reason is researched in the essay The Theory of Time, Space and Gravitation, where the constancy of speed of light is consequence of action of gravitation. In this theory it is proved, that the time dilation and increase in inertial mass are gravitational effects. The inconsistent effect of longitudinal length contraction in the new theory is absent. Any contradictions typical for the special theory relativity, for example, the clock paradox are absent also. As is well known, in the general theory of relativity a problem of gravitational energy still remains not solved. In the new theory gravitational energy is precisely localized.


Robert Sadykov

James Putnam wrote on Jan. 11, 2009 @ 21:17 GMT
Dear Robert Sadykov,

Thank you for your message. I posted a response in your forum.



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