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James Putnam: on 3/27/17 at 21:23pm UTC, wrote There are three mathematical examples provided in my essay. Each...

James Putnam: on 3/25/17 at 12:47pm UTC, wrote Dear Michael Z. Tyree, Thank very much for your kind words. With regard to...

Michael Tyree: on 3/25/17 at 7:01am UTC, wrote Dear James . . . I like the purity of your approach. You have what seems...

James Putnam: on 3/24/17 at 2:46am UTC, wrote My last two ratings were both anonymous 'ones'. Dear anonymouses, You are...

James Putnam: on 3/22/17 at 4:50am UTC, wrote Steven Andressen, It appears visually, at this changed search engine...

James Putnam: on 3/22/17 at 3:21am UTC, wrote Steven Andressen, Here is my link: Universal Intelligence by James...

James Putnam: on 3/21/17 at 5:37am UTC, wrote Hi Steven, "You have settled on the notion of the intelligence of the...

Steven Andresen: on 3/21/17 at 4:48am UTC, wrote James So I think this enables me to agree with your notion of intelligence...


Eckard Blumschein: "Gary Simpson, While PHALLUS is an abreviantion, a phallus is a Willy, a..." in FQXi Essay Contest 2016:...

jay grey: "Thanks for the link, I believe it will be very useful for personal..." in Santa Barbara Gravity...

Lorraine Ford: "Good one Gary! Regards, Lorraine" in FQXi Essay Contest 2016:...

Joe Fisher: "Attempting to account for complex finite invisible particles will not help..." in Bohemian Reality:...

jany watson: "At we have a long list of similar" in Koalas, Quantum Mechanics...

James Putnam: ""The math time = 1/nu defines time ... " Nu is cycles/second. 1/nu is..." in Alternative Models of...

Steve Agnew: "Your work has shown how normal physics like S&Z mass, length, and time have..." in Alternative Models of...

kab: "The word is enternal magic. Hope all secret never has answer will be out..." in Does Quantum Weirdness...

click titles to read articles

Bohemian Reality: Searching for a Quantum Connection to Consciousness
Is there are sweet spot where artificial intelligence systems could have the maximum amount of consciousness while retaining powerful quantum properties?

Quantum Replicants: Should future androids dream of quantum sheep?
To build the ultimate artificial mimics of real life systems, we may need to use quantum memory.

Painting a QBist Picture of Reality
A radical interpretation of physics makes quantum theory more personal.

The Spacetime Revolutionary
Carlo Rovelli describes how black holes may transition to "white holes," according to loop quantum gravity, a radical rewrite of fundamental physics.

Riding the Rogue Quantum Waves
Could giant sea swells help explain how the macroscopic world emerges from the quantum microworld? (Image credit: MIT News)

March 28, 2017

CATEGORY: Wandering Towards a Goal Essay Contest (2016-2017) [back]
TOPIC: How can Mindless Mathematical Laws give rise to Aims and Intentions? by James A Putnam [refresh]
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This essay's rating: Community = 4.3; Public = 1.0

Author James A Putnam wrote on Mar. 13, 2017 @ 22:44 GMT
Essay Abstract

It is argued that physics is best served by mindless mathematics. Its dedication to a mechanical interpretation of the universe makes it a science for the study of mindless action. In contrast to this way, physics equations are infiltrated by many inventive ideas from the minds of physicists. The insertion of those ideas into equations either as new properties or new interpretations of properties, defeats the role of mindless mathematics to keep physics an empirical science. It is concluded that those ideas that are inventions of the mind need to be removed from physics. It is expected that the new physics will follow the guidance of empirical evidence. It is asserted that everything we will ever learn about the mechanics of the Universe will be learned from empirical evidence.

Author Bio

James A. Putnam is the author and owner of He has essay entries in all of the contests; and, has participated for many years in forum and blog discussions. His ideas contest strongly against the teachings of theoretical physics.

Download Essay PDF File

Peter Jackson wrote on Mar. 14, 2017 @ 16:04 GMT

I think you've excelled yourself this year, drilling down to real fundamental errors underpinning theory blocking advancement of understanding. Our shared focus on empiricism has led us to the same undeniable rational truth for 'SR'

"..the speed of light in the specific medium. This relationship is approximate for a gas and accurate for solids " (as my first fqXi essay...

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Author James A Putnam replied on Mar. 14, 2017 @ 23:07 GMT
Dear Peter Jackson,

You have written the most cordial and cogent message I have received during all of the Essay Contests. I thank you for reading my essay and giving of your precious time to write such a message. You have taken a risk and have my admiration. My intention at this time is to read essays, comment on some of them, and save my ratings for submission in the last minutes of the contest.

James Putnam

Peter Jackson replied on Mar. 16, 2017 @ 17:21 GMT

You're very welcome. I haven't entered your score yet so can wait if you prefer. The only reason sometimes not to is that do think those near the top are likely to get more reads which should be helpful.

I look forwards to you comments and questions on mine. Almost nobody so far has recognised, or seen the the importance of the classical reproduction of the QM predictions. I expect as so few really understand the (not very empirical!) roots of QM. Data is all very well but where most go wrong is in the interpretation!

The very condensed 100sec version of the video is here, (but missing over 90%!);



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Author James A Putnam replied on Mar. 17, 2017 @ 00:09 GMT

My experience has been that the one's fly freely in the last couple of hours of scoring. The main level of high negative activity is at the cutoff score for making it into the finals. I had a sufficient score for the last contest. It took several attacks on my score to knock me out, but, they got their way in the end. Maybe being a little low will be less of an 'attractor'. What is the case is that I will do what I can to make my ratings for others count. Submitting them in the last few minutes will at least make it difficult for attackers to react quickly enough to negate the scores I give. Follow your own procedure for your own reasons. I appreciate what you said. It counts for more and will last longer than a decent rating that will probably get wiped out if I am doing well at the end. I did print off your essay and will be reading it shortly. Thank you again.

James Putnam

Héctor Daniel Gianni wrote on Mar. 14, 2017 @ 20:15 GMT
Dear James A. Putnam

I invite you and every physicist to read my work “TIME ORIGIN,DEFINITION AND EMPIRICAL MEANING FOR PHYSICISTS, Héctor Daniel Gianni ,I’m not a physicist.

How people interested in “Time” could feel about related things to the subject.

1) Intellectuals interested in Time issues usually have a nice and creative wander for the unknown.

2) They usually enjoy this wander of their searches around it.

3) For millenniums this wander has been shared by a lot of creative people around the world.

4) What if suddenly, something considered quasi impossible to be found or discovered such as “Time” definition and experimental meaning confronts them?

5) Their reaction would be like, something unbelievable,… a kind of disappointment, probably interpreted as a loss of wander…..

6) ….worst than that, if we say that what was found or discovered wasn’t a viable theory, but a proved fact.

7) Then it would become offensive to be part of the millenary problem solution, instead of being a reason for happiness and satisfaction.

8) The reader approach to the news would be paradoxically adverse.

9) Instead, I think it should be a nice welcome to discovery, to be received with opened arms and considered to be read with full attention.

11)Time “existence” is exclusive as a “measuring system”, its physical existence can’t be proved by science, as the “time system” is. Experimentally “time” is “movement”, we can prove that, showing that with clocks we measure “constant and uniform” movement and not “the so called Time”.

12)The original “time manuscript” has 23 pages, my manuscript in this contest has only 9 pages.

I share this brief with people interested in “time” and with physicists who have been in sore need of this issue for the last 50 or 60 years.


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Edwin Eugene Klingman wrote on Mar. 15, 2017 @ 05:40 GMT
Dear James Putnam,

Your essay is masterful. I kept looking for you – it was worth the wait. Your first paragraph is exquisite. Your last sentence captures my essay.

Your 2nd paragraph, on meaning and order, agrees completely with my statement:

"Yet either one seamless reality exists, or the universe is simply a sum of disjointed parts, which have no conceivable reason for "hanging together" in such elegant and enduring fashion."

I think your first 2 paragraphs would been a powerful essay!

Also: "There is limited merit in a dumb mechanical interpretation. The merit is that mechanical problems can be solved…"

Yes, and realistic "structures" imposed on physical reality. But after the description became probabilistic, "unrealistic" (mathematical) structures were imposed on reality, and the confusion led to "unrealistic" understandings of reality. It is good that you always aim for the core. You've traced this back to the first "projection", the undefined 'm' of Newton. You were the first to make me aware of that aspect of physics.

As you note, intelligence 'understands' the universe, as necessary and appropriate. "Unreal" projections only confuse this understanding.

James, I wish you had submitted a shorter essay. I do not believe it's possible to argue with your overview of the intelligent universe. However anyone can argue with details of a physical model, and they will -- those that even bother to study it. As you know, I have my own models, but my current essay is more like your first 4 pages. It aims for a current comprehensive overview.

I'm so glad to see you here, and I hope you enjoy my essay as much as I did yours. As you will find as you read others, many here, like you, like Vladimir Tamari, keep improving their presentation, year after year. I find this supremely rewarding.

Good luck, my friend,

Edwin Eugene Klingman

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Author James A Putnam replied on Mar. 16, 2017 @ 16:54 GMT
Edwin Eugene Klingman,

Dear Friend,

My essay could have been written better. Its not up to the standards that you set for yourself. I know that I should remember your advice when each new contest arrives. My goal gets in my way. The general content does not change. The mathematical examples are three of what I believe are many corrections in method or understanding in theoretical physics. The one that I repeat most often is the undefined status of mass. That is because once it becomes acknowledged, it follows that physics will change drastically.

The words before and after those examples hopefully make scientific sense, I think that they do; but, I feel the mathematics should be put on the record repeatedly. represents the theoretical physics community. My message is understandingly not welcome here. But, I have followers, at other sites, including some physicists. I have presented more ideas elsewhere where progress is easier.

Another contest has arrived and I know that you will do very well. The quality of your essays never fades. I should work harder to follow your advice while continuing to try to achieve my goal. Thank you for continuing to offer it in my best interest.

James Putnam

James Lee Hoover wrote on Mar. 16, 2017 @ 00:13 GMT

Good to see you again. Like Peter above I am stricken by the trolls striking in the deep of night w/o comments with the goal of dropping your score, but there are plenty of good guys like Peter and you to counteract this.

"It is asserted that everything we will ever learn about the mechanics of the Universe will be learned from empirical evidence." I subscribe to this concept and think my essay does as well. My speculative theory of dark matter needs to be field tested, not in the laboratory, observing the interrelationships of multitudinous physical objects and resulting forces where normal matter might produce dark matter through the intermingling of fusion with its strong and weak force, em forces, and the galactic roiling about the SMBH center.

As you say, "the unified original cause for all" is not mechanical. I see the natural law of entropy perhaps with the Jeremy England slant that rule small and large and perhaps brings the universe in trillions of years inexorably to a icy death, quoting Robert Frost's poem. We can accept this mindless law and try to understand how the universe lives and breathes checking its respiration without anthropomorphic prejudice.

Hope you can check out my essay and give your thoughts.

Jim Hoover

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Author James A Putnam replied on Mar. 16, 2017 @ 02:25 GMT
Dear James Lee Hoover,

Thank you for visiting and your kind words. Your fair rating of my essay is appreciated. I will be reading your essay.

James Putnam

Joe Fisher replied on Mar. 16, 2017 @ 15:49 GMT
Dear James A Putnam,

Please excuse me for I have no intention of disparaging in any way any part of your essay.

I merely wish to point out that “Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler.” Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955) Physicist & Nobel Laureate.

Only nature could produce a reality so simple, a single cell amoeba could deal with it.

The real Universe must consist only of one unified visible infinite physical surface occurring in one infinite dimension, that am always illuminated by infinite non-surface light.

A more detailed explanation of natural reality can be found in my essay, SCORE ONE FOR SIMPLICITY. I do hope that you will read my essay and perhaps comment on its merit.

Joe Fisher, Realist

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Don Limuti wrote on Mar. 17, 2017 @ 01:52 GMT
Hi James,

I have been in all essay contests except the last and am glad to be back in the mix with you.

I have to admit I had trouble with your abstract (probably my limit english). But I had no trouble with your first paragraph. This first paragraph introduces a superior essay. I repeat your paragraph below for other readers to encourage them to go on and read the essay.

The Universe has evolved to the level of providing for human free-will. That is a display of great purpose and dedication toward a long term goal. The Universe rose up parts of itself to form our beings. Our parts know the means by which the Universe operates. They have to know what it is that they are destined to do. It does not matter whether one resents the word ‘know’ and prefers the word ‘forced’. That choice is a matter of philosophical preference and does not pertain meaningfully to the Universe. We know what the Universe can do. Those parts of the Universe now working as individual beings are the means by which the Universe comprehends itself. Yet while the answers are part of our being, we do not know them without seeking to know them by our own efforts. We need to engage with the Universe in order to learn its nature.

And I appreciate your reminding me of how limited our current concepts of mass are. It is easy to forget.

Thanks for your essay,

Don Limuti

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Author James A Putnam replied on Mar. 17, 2017 @ 03:11 GMT
Dear Don Limuti,

This is a very welcome message. I admit to having had a low level of enthusiasm for this contest. The ratings history has shown no improvement. I decided to enter late. I feel that this opportunity to place our views alongside professionals is so rare and so valuable that it deserves full support. My essay is not as well edited as it should have been. However, it says everything that I intended for it to say. The mathematical examples provided are intended to strike at the heart of theoretical physics with power. Several more could have been provided and have been provided beginning with the first essay contest. Your kind of message raises my enthusiasm. The point I have had to keep repeating about mass being an undefined property, points to the most urgent correction needed out of many. Mass must be defined. I have printed off your essay and will read it. Thank you very much for writing your message and giving a fair rating for my essay.

James Putnam

Joe Fisher replied on Mar. 17, 2017 @ 15:33 GMT
Nice essay Putnam,

Real visible mass has a real visible surface. Only abstract conjecture about invisible mass purportedly has any “undefined properties.”

Joe Fisher, Realist

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Satyavarapu Naga Parameswara Gupta wrote on Mar. 17, 2017 @ 10:35 GMT
Nice essay Putnam,

Your ideas and thinking are excellent for eg…

“1. We see that the Universe is orderly and all parts of it are meaningful. There does not exist any lack of purpose anywhere

2. During the evolution of the universe, the nature of intelligence has not varied. Our intelligence is of the same source as for the rest of the Universe. Intelligence has not...

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Steven Andresen wrote on Mar. 21, 2017 @ 04:25 GMT
Hi James

I'm reading your essay for the second time now. I find myself pausing constantly in my reading, while considering so many further implications of your ideas. Considerations that cascade to so many other contemplation's. Takes me ages to read a piece when this happens.

I have enormous respect for your interpretation of physics and your consistent theme towards unification....

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Steven Andresen replied on Mar. 21, 2017 @ 04:28 GMT

I suspect this essay might be to your liking by George Gantz. Have you come across this one yet?


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Steven Andresen replied on Mar. 21, 2017 @ 04:48 GMT

So I think this enables me to agree with your notion of intelligence to a certain extent. That in a sense intelligence is just compounded agency that begins with the nature of atoms and physics, that is then manifested to greater extent as collective interactions. So intelligence would be a sliding scale.

So if Atoms are at an extreme end of the intelligence scale, but none the less on the scale, then how did atoms get the very particular character and behaviors that they have? These properties require an organisational principle, which makes a sense of their very particular order and complexity. I believe I have this within a concept for which the title "Darwinian Universal" is perhaps the best fit.

I have expressed some of my ideas here, however I have a multitude of further considerations which I belief makes a very solid argument. They are waiting for the right person to come along and be inquisitive enough to ask and test me. That hasn't happened in response to my essay yet. I would have thought there would be enough content within it to spark curiosity, but apparently not. Oh well, do I keep trying?


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Author James A Putnam replied on Mar. 21, 2017 @ 05:37 GMT
Hi Steven,

"You have settled on the notion of the intelligence of the cosmos as an explanation for this, however the problem I have with this is that I believe the type of intelligence we associate with ourselves that can be said to conspire intellectually, is emergent of complex systems such as the brain. And so I am reluctant to ascribe intelligence of this type to simpler universal physical configurations, or the cosmos at large."

Before I provide a link to Universal Intelligence, please read, if you have not already, my

essay from the How Should Humanity Steer the Future? contest of 2014.

James Putnam

Michael Zane Tyree wrote on Mar. 25, 2017 @ 07:01 GMT
Dear James . . .

I like the purity of your approach. You have what seems to be a clean perspective on the science of physics. I did not follow your mathematics as I'm not a scientist, but I did follow your line of reasoning and it seems sound. I do agree that much of what I read nowadays in science books and magazines is speculation and mathematical models. Your method of accepting only the empirical, I think, will lead to a more consistent and integrated physics.

One question: Intelligence is seen to be an innate property of the universe, which gave rise to human minds. These two quotes from your essay express that view:

"We see that the Universe is orderly and all parts of it are meaningful. There does not exist any lack of purpose anywhere. This can be known by recognizing that any lack of purpose or meaning, if such a thing could exist, in any amount, anywhere in the Universe would destroy order. If such a circumstance had ever existed, then the Universe would not now exist. It could not have evolved passed the time when meaninglessness was made part of it."

"During the evolution of the universe, the nature of intelligence has not varied. Our intelligence is of the same source as for the rest of the Universe. Intelligence has not wandered from that which was always intended by the universe. That is why life was capable of understanding what was needed for survival at all levels of evolution."

If this is so, how is it that human minds, being a direct expression of the intelligence of the universe, seem to make mistakes and errors, and choose false ideas, which lead to lack of understanding about the universe in which they live? It seems a paradox that intelligence could ever not understand itself.

At any rate, your essay was one of my favorites, being easy to read and understand. Thank you.


Michael Z. Tyree

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Author James A Putnam replied on Mar. 25, 2017 @ 12:47 GMT
Dear Michael Z. Tyree,

Thank very much for your kind words. With regard to human intelligence please read my essay Lead With Innate Knowledge from the 2016 essay contest. It is just 5 pages long. The means by which we learn and think is not exact. The explanation begins with photons. There is no mathematics. I have downloaded your essay and will be reading it soon.

James Putnam

Author James A Putnam wrote on Mar. 27, 2017 @ 21:23 GMT
There are three mathematical examples provided in my essay. Each demonstrates a correction to physics. Here I deal with the first example and add to it. It covers the correct method for solving for photon energy and photon momentum:

I showed that increasing the energy of a charged particle by an incremental amount allows one to solve for that incremental amount of energy. That incremental energy is what a photon carries away. The equation for photon energy that I presented is: EKc=(delta)EKp where (delta) is the Greek letter that I use to represent the word 'incremental'. The procedure used is that of taking a derivative. Nothing new to that. Now I add the solution for the momentum of a photon: Pc=mVc1(delta)vc2)/Vc1=m(delta)vc2. Einstein's energy equation gets replaced with an energy equation derived using defined mass. It leads then to a replacement for Einstein's photon momentum equation that no longer predicts excessive momentum. It predicts the correct momentum.

Neither of these two new solutions involves the use of time-dilation. This is an improvement because there is no empirical evidence that time dilates. There is empirical evidence for clock's slowing, but, clocks are not time. Clock's don't even measure time. Clocks are imprecise mechanical cyclic activity. There is a precise universally constant measure of real time. It was introduced in my essay for the very first essay contest. It has nothing to do with Einstein's misuse of the 't' in physics equations. That 't' has always represented mechanical cyclic activity, and, never has real time, as a unique fundamental property, been included in physics equations.

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