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Previous Contests

How Should Humanity Steer the Future?
January 9, 2014 - August 31, 2014
Contest Partners: Jaan Tallinn, The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, The John Templeton Foundation, and Scientific American
read/discusswinners

It From Bit or Bit From It
March 25 - June 28, 2013
Contest Partners: The Gruber Foundation, J. Templeton Foundation, and Scientific American
read/discusswinners

Questioning the Foundations
Which of Our Basic Physical Assumptions Are Wrong?
May 24 - August 31, 2012
Contest Partners: The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation, SubMeta, and Scientific American
read/discusswinners

Is Reality Digital or Analog?
November 2010 - February 2011
Contest Partners: The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation and Scientific American
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What's Ultimately Possible in Physics?
May - October 2009
Contest Partners: Astrid and Bruce McWilliams
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The Nature of Time
August - December 2008
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Watching particles fly through an interferometer might help to unveil higher-order weirdness behind quantum theory.

Quantifying Occam
Is the simplest answer always the best? Connecting Medieval monks to computational complexity, using the branch of mathematics known as category theory.

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Why Quantum?
Entropy could explain why nature chose to play by quantum rules.


FQXi FORUM: FQXi Essay Contest - Is Reality Digital or Analog?
October 23, 2014

Here you can read and discuss entries in FQXi's 2011 essay contest. Please remember that the intention of this contest and forum is to provide a meaningful, open, and respectful discussion of the ideas brought forth. Commentary that is unconstructive, insulting, or excessively distracting from the core essay contest goals will be removed. As always, the opinions expressed in the essays and the forums do not necessarily reflect those held by FQXi. That said, feel free to join the discussion!


Please note that you can order the essays by:




Reality Depends upon How One Defines the Architecture of Existence by Gary Valentine Hansen
17 posts  •  created by Gary Valentine Hansen   •  Feb. 18, 2011 @ 15:44 GMT
Community Rating: 4.0 (23 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.8 (6 ratings)

Is Reality Digital or Analog? by Hiro Funakoshi
22 posts  •  created by Hiro Funakoshi   •  Feb. 18, 2011 @ 15:11 GMT
Community Rating: 3.9 (16 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.7 (7 ratings)

Subtext: Is Reality Digital or Analog? (Our Universe, Science and Potentials in Review) by Russ W Otter
38 posts  •  created by Russ W Otter   •  Feb. 18, 2011 @ 15:05 GMT
Community Rating: 3.6 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.4 (9 ratings)

A Method to Measure Consciousness, and Demonstrations of Worldly Multiplicity by Tommy Gilbertson
115 posts  •  created by Tommy Gilbertson   •  Feb. 18, 2011 @ 14:30 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 7.1 (28 ratings)

A Derivation of the Quantum Phase by Armin Nikkhah Shirazi
56 posts  •  created by Armin Nikkhah Shirazi   •  Feb. 18, 2011 @ 14:29 GMT
Community Rating: 4.1 (15 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.7 (6 ratings)

The Janus of Mathematics by Burton J Smith
37 posts  •  created by Burton J Smith   •  Feb. 18, 2011 @ 14:29 GMT
Community Rating: 3.8 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.7 (6 ratings)

A Beautiful Theory of Everything by Ayind Mahamba
26 posts  •  created by Ayind Mahamba   •  Feb. 18, 2011 @ 14:24 GMT
Community Rating: 4.0 (20 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.0 (6 ratings)

Quantum Graphenity by Tobias Fritz
71 posts  •  created by Tobias Fritz   •  Feb. 18, 2011 @ 09:46 GMT
Community Rating: 5.0 (22 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.9 (9 ratings)

A Connectivity Theory of Space and Time by Honda Shing
24 posts  •  created by Honda Shing   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 18:26 GMT
Community Rating: 3.9 (18 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.5 (11 ratings)

Our Non-Deterministic Reality Is Neither Digital Nor Analog: Experimental Tests Can Show That Decoherence Fails to Resolve the Measurement Problem by Neil Bates
30 posts  •  created by Neil Bates   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 18:25 GMT
Community Rating: 3.6 (20 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.5 (17 ratings)

Is Reality Analog or Digital? by Alfonso Treviño
17 posts  •  created by Alfonso Treviño   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:49 GMT
Community Rating: 3.4 (14 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (5 ratings)

Is Ultimate Reality Beyond Categorization as Analog or Digital? by Todd L Duncan
18 posts  •  created by Todd L Duncan   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:48 GMT
Community Rating: 3.4 (15 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.2 (5 ratings)

Digital picture of the Universe by Yuri Benjamin Danoyan
61 posts  •  created by Yuri Danoyan   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:47 GMT
Community Rating: 2.7 (14 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.6 (5 ratings)

Even The Darkness Is Made of Light by Lorian Gray
7 posts  •  created by Lorian Gray   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:43 GMT
Community Rating: 2.3 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 2.0 (3 ratings)

The Best of Both Worlds: Why Reality Must Be Both Analog and Digital by Jonathan J. Dickau
69 posts  •  created by Jonathan J. Dickau   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:42 GMT
Community Rating: 4.4 (25 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.1 (7 ratings)

A Common-Plinth Approach to Relativity and Quantum by Joshua Zev Levin
7 posts  •  created by Joshua Zev Levin   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:41 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (7 ratings)   Public Rating: 2.7 (3 ratings)

Co-existence of Continuous and Discrete Physical Behavior by Ben J Baten
19 posts  •  created by Ben Baten   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:37 GMT
Community Rating: 4.1 (17 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.5 (6 ratings)

Is Reality Digital or Analog by Juan Carlos Christensen
11 posts  •  created by Juan Carlos Christensen   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:34 GMT
Community Rating: 2.6 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.3 (6 ratings)

Reality Is Analogue: It Exists in the Flow of Time and Space. by James Lee Hoover
35 posts  •  created by James Lee Hoover   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:32 GMT
Community Rating: 3.3 (17 ratings)   Public Rating: 7.0 (25 ratings)

Leaving Cantor’s Paradise through Paul Cohen’s Golden Door by John Benavides
42 posts  •  created by John Benavides   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:31 GMT
Community Rating: 4.6 (18 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.5 (8 ratings)

The Body-Mind Problem As a Play Between Coherence and Decoherence by Ulla Marianne Mattfolk
15 posts  •  created by Ulla Marianne Mattfolk   •  Feb. 17, 2011 @ 08:28 GMT
Community Rating: 3.7 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.5 (4 ratings)

An Infinite Universe - An Analog Reality by Daniel Wingate Darg
14 posts  •  created by Daniel Wingate Darg   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 14:32 GMT
Community Rating: 3.6 (16 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.3 (3 ratings)

A Brief Essay About Quantum Cosmology by Solomon, Jr. Kepani Kaleialoha
5 posts  •  created by Solomon, Jr. Kepani Kaleialoha   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 14:30 GMT
Community Rating: 2.5 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.4 (5 ratings)

The Discreet Charm of the Discrete by Paul Halpern
103 posts  •  created by Paul Halpern   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 14:26 GMT
Community Rating: 5.2 (31 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.5 (15 ratings)

On the Depth of Quantum Space by Daniele Oriti
76 posts  •  created by Daniele Oriti   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 14:23 GMT
Community Rating: 5.4 (34 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.0 (22 ratings)

Experimental Mathematics and the Digital Nature of Reality by Fredric Alan Litt
14 posts  •  created by Fredric Alan Litt   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 14:20 GMT
Community Rating: 3.2 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.3 (3 ratings)

An Interesting Question and an Irrelevant Answer by Adolfo Leija
15 posts  •  created by Adolfo Leija   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 14:18 GMT
Community Rating: 2.5 (8 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.2 (5 ratings)

Is Quantum Mechanics a Digilog Theory? by Chris Kennedy
32 posts  •  created by Chris Kennedy   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 14:16 GMT
Community Rating: 4.8 (22 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.2 (6 ratings)

Hacking Reality Code by Raymond Aschheim
26 posts  •  created by Ray ASCHHEIM   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 14:13 GMT
Community Rating: 4.0 (24 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.3 (4 ratings)

Quantum Theory without Quantization by Ken Wharton
40 posts  •  created by Ken Wharton   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 12:20 GMT
Community Rating: 4.7 (25 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.5 (14 ratings)

There Are No Pea Shooters for Photons by Marty Green
22 posts  •  created by Marty Green   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 12:14 GMT
Community Rating: 4.0 (22 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.5 (4 ratings)

The Emergence of Fundamental Physical Concepts By Summing Discrete Vectors by Keith Clemens
8 posts  •  created by Keith Clemens   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 12:01 GMT
Community Rating: 3.4 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (2 ratings)

When Nothing Becomes Something; A Superimposed Continuum by Augustus Bacigalupi
9 posts  •  created by Augustus Bacigalupi   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 11:56 GMT
Community Rating: 3.8 (16 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.5 (4 ratings)

It’s Digital but Not As We Know It by Stephen Lee
16 posts  •  created by Stephen Lee   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 10:22 GMT
Community Rating: 4.0 (19 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.3 (3 ratings)

“Reality”: a Discrete Hierarchic Duality of Finite Type by Lucian Miti Ionescu
5 posts  •  created by Lucian Miti Ionescu   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 10:17 GMT
Community Rating: 4.1 (18 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (6 ratings)

The Cold Force and Hot Force Theory by Loubriel Sosa
8 posts  •  created by loubriel sosa   •  Feb. 16, 2011 @ 10:14 GMT
Community Rating: 1.4 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 7.2 (37 ratings)

It, Bit, and Us by Dean Rickles
68 posts  •  created by Dean Rickles   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 20:42 GMT
Community Rating: 5.0 (32 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.9 (20 ratings)

Do We Exist in Multiple Copies? by David Layzer
13 posts  •  created by David Layzer   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 16:56 GMT
Community Rating: 3.7 (17 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (3 ratings)

Reality Will Ultimately Be Analog and Digital by Arjen Dijksman
15 posts  •  created by Arjen Dijksman   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 16:39 GMT
Community Rating: 3.5 (15 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.6 (12 ratings)

Is Reality Digital or Analog? by Joel Mayer, MD
16 posts  •  created by Joel Mayer, MD   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 16:35 GMT
Community Rating: 3.2 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.0 (6 ratings)

The Advaitha ( Non-Dualism ) Of Digital & Analog Nature Of Reality by Sreenath B N
31 posts  •  created by Sreenath B N   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 16:29 GMT
Community Rating: 3.7 (14 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.2 (5 ratings)

On Analog Measurements and The Digital Nature of Things by Joachim J. Wlodarz
13 posts  •  created by Joachim J. Wlodarz   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 16:23 GMT
Community Rating: 4.1 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.7 (3 ratings)

Is Reality Digital or Analog? by Dante Hugo Barbis
20 posts  •  created by Dante Hugo Barbis   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 16:20 GMT
Community Rating: 2.9 (15 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.8 (34 ratings)

On the Horns of a Dilemma by Jay Powell, James Bernauer, and Vishnu Agnihotri
3 posts  •  created by Jay Powell   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 16:16 GMT
Community Rating: 2.8 (8 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.5 (4 ratings)

Realities Out of Total Simultaneity by Wilhelmus de Wilde
56 posts  •  created by Wilhelmus de Wilde   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 12:55 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.5 (4 ratings)

Reality is Digital, with a Quantum-Mechanical Phase by Michael Patrick Bradley
15 posts  •  created by Michael Patrick Bradley   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 12:46 GMT
Community Rating: 3.5 (16 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (5 ratings)

Bit from It by Julian Barbour
65 posts  •  created by Julian Barbour   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 12:44 GMT
Community Rating: 5.1 (32 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (27 ratings)

On Whether Reality is Digital or Analog by Henri Vonn De Roule
8 posts  •  created by Henri Vonn De Roule   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 12:40 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.7 (3 ratings)

Continuous and Discrete Aspects of Nature by Vesselin Petkov
33 posts  •  created by Vesselin Petkov   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 12:34 GMT
Community Rating: 5.0 (32 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.6 (37 ratings)

A World Without Quanta? by Constantinos Ragazas
101 posts  •  created by Constantinos Ragazas   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 12:20 GMT
Community Rating: 4.7 (30 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.8 (30 ratings)

Nature's Information and Harmonic Proportion by Michael A. Sherbon
3 posts  •  created by Michael A. Sherbon   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 12:15 GMT
Community Rating: 3.1 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.5 (2 ratings)

A Modest Proposal by Jessica Victoria Bloom
17 posts  •  created by Jessica Victoria Bloom   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 12:12 GMT
Community Rating: 4.0 (23 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.4 (7 ratings)

How to Learn to Ask Good Questions in Physics by Johan Noldus
76 posts  •  created by Johan Noldus   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 11:45 GMT
Community Rating: 3.9 (17 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.5 (4 ratings)

Digital Description of the Periodic System by Jozsef Garai
6 posts  •  created by Jozsef Garai   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 11:27 GMT
Community Rating: 3.1 (14 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (2 ratings)

How Simple Quantity Tables Elucidate the Digital Analog Question by Peter van Gaalen
6 posts  •  created by Peter van Gaalen   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 11:22 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (8 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.0 (2 ratings)

Is Reality Digital or Analog: A World View by John Francis Gadway
30 posts  •  created by John Francis Gadway   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 11:00 GMT
Community Rating: 3.6 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.3 (3 ratings)

Clockwork Quantum Universe by Donatello Dolce
37 posts  •  created by Donatello Dolce   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 10:48 GMT
Community Rating: 5.0 (18 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.3 (8 ratings)

Not A Pipe by Jeffrey Michael Schmitz
15 posts  •  created by Jeffrey Michael Schmitz   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 10:45 GMT
Community Rating: 2.8 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.3 (3 ratings)

Discrete and Continuous: Can We Tell One From the Other? by Andrey Akhmeteli
7 posts  •  created by Andrey Akhmeteli   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 10:34 GMT
Community Rating: 3.8 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.3 (4 ratings)

Lenny, Me, and Entropy by Ken Matusow
6 posts  •  created by Ken Matusow   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 10:24 GMT
Community Rating: 3.3 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.7 (3 ratings)

Physics and the Integers by David Tong
52 posts  •  created by David Tong   •  Feb. 15, 2011 @ 10:19 GMT
Community Rating: 4.8 (28 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.6 (9 ratings)

What is the Point of Reality? by Doug Bundy
34 posts  •  created by Doug Bundy   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 16:50 GMT
Community Rating: 3.3 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.5 (2 ratings)

Let's Call the Whole Thing Off/On by Alexander Lamb
8 posts  •  created by Alexander Lamb   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 16:47 GMT
Community Rating: 3.7 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.3 (3 ratings)

Universe and Reality, Digital or Analog by Juan Enrique Ramos Beraud
11 posts  •  created by Juan Enrique Ramos Beraud   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 16:29 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 7.0 (22 ratings)

Nature of Reality or Reality of Nature by Peter David Mastro
28 posts  •  created by Peter David Mastro   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 16:27 GMT
Community Rating: 3.6 (18 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.9 (10 ratings)

Is the Reality is Beyond the Digital Observations on Analog Expressions of Nature? by Jayakar Johnson Joseph
14 posts  •  created by Jayakar Johnson Joseph   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 16:22 GMT
Community Rating: 3.1 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.5 (2 ratings)

Thinking "Outside the Box" by Anthony DiCarlo
14 posts  •  created by Anthony DiCarlo   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 16:18 GMT
Community Rating: 3.8 (14 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.5 (4 ratings)

Is Nature Fundamentally Continuous or Discrete, and How Can These Two Different but Very Useful Conceptions Be Fully Reconciled? by Andrew Walcott Beckwith
10 posts  •  created by Andrew Walcott Beckwith   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 16:06 GMT
Community Rating: 2.6 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 1.0 (3 ratings)

In Search of Continuity: Thoughts of an Epistemic Empiricist by Ian Durham
179 posts  •  created by Ian Durham   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 15:45 GMT
Community Rating: 5.3 (36 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.9 (18 ratings)

Reality is Both Digital and Analog by Alan Forrester
2 posts  •  created by Alan Forrester   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 15:37 GMT
Community Rating: 3.5 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (2 ratings)

Digital-Analog Duality Produces Mass Reality by James T. Dwyer
11 posts  •  created by James T. Dwyer   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 15:11 GMT
Community Rating: 2.5 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.0 (3 ratings)

A Digital Particle Structure For General Relativity by Guilford Robinson
5 posts  •  created by Guilford Robinson   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 15:09 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (3 ratings)

The Lost Treasure by Marcel-Marie LeBel
18 posts  •  created by Marcel-Marie LeBel   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 15:07 GMT
Community Rating: 3.3 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.5 (4 ratings)

A Quantum-Digital Universe by Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano
45 posts  •  created by Giacomo Mauro D\'Ariano   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 13:07 GMT
Community Rating: 4.3 (22 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.7 (28 ratings)

Evolution from Analog to Digital Reality by Jacek Safuta
8 posts  •  created by Jacek Safuta   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 13:05 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.7 (3 ratings)

Reality by Michael Christian
19 posts  •  created by Michael Christian   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 12:54 GMT
Community Rating: 1.9 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.7 (6 ratings)

Reality, Analog and Digital In the Theory of Knowledge: Is Reality Digital or Analog? by Kofi Kissi Dompere
4 posts  •  created by KOFI KISSI DOMPERE   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 12:47 GMT
Community Rating: 3.1 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.0 (2 ratings)

Evolutionary Principles Result in Digital Appearance. by Tony Zeigler
4 posts  •  created by Tony Zeigler   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 12:43 GMT
Community Rating: 2.3 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.0 (2 ratings)

Digital vs. Analog Reality: An Alien Perspective by Tom Chesters
5 posts  •  created by Tom Chesters   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 12:40 GMT
Community Rating: 2.6 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (2 ratings)

To Be Or Not To Be by Stephen Anthony Lenane
5 posts  •  created by Stephen Anthony Lenane   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 12:35 GMT
Community Rating: 1.6 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 2.3 (3 ratings)

A String Solution in Quantum Gravity by Domenico Oricchio
3 posts  •  created by Domenico Oricchio   •  Feb. 14, 2011 @ 12:33 GMT
Community Rating: 2.3 (8 ratings)   Public Rating: 2.0 (2 ratings)

From Classical (Analog) to Quantum (Digital) Gravity: The Mystery of Space-Time Curvature and the Secret of the Origin of Mass-Energy by Christian Corda
115 posts  •  created by Christian Corda   •  Feb. 11, 2011 @ 16:23 GMT
Community Rating: 4.7 (25 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.9 (14 ratings)

Hole Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics by Constantin Zaharia Leshan
116 posts  •  created by Constantin Zaharia Leshan   •  Feb. 11, 2011 @ 16:16 GMT
Community Rating: 1.9 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 2.5 (10 ratings)

On the Emergence of QM, Relativity, Entropy, Time, iħ, and ic... by Elliot McGucken
19 posts  •  created by Dr. Elliot McGucken   •  Feb. 11, 2011 @ 16:08 GMT
Community Rating: 2.2 (6 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.4 (7 ratings)

Reality and the Universe: Is Reality Digital or Analog? by Rocco Leonard Martino
2 posts  •  created by Rocco Leonard Martino   •  Feb. 9, 2011 @ 12:18 GMT
Community Rating: 2.4 (8 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.0 (2 ratings)

Can We See Reality From Here? by Thomas Howard Ray
75 posts  •  created by Thomas Howard Ray   •  Feb. 9, 2011 @ 10:58 GMT
Community Rating: 4.3 (27 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (7 ratings)

Model Perspective: Digital or Analog? by Yu Yiyang
8 posts  •  created by Yu Yiyang   •  Feb. 9, 2011 @ 10:28 GMT
Community Rating: 3.1 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.8 (5 ratings)

Making Waves by Don Limuti
22 posts  •  created by Don Limuti   •  Feb. 9, 2011 @ 09:58 GMT
Community Rating: 2.4 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.6 (11 ratings)

Reality Was Born Analog But Will Digital Die? by Alan Lowey
230 posts  •  created by Alan Lowey   •  Feb. 9, 2011 @ 09:55 GMT
Community Rating: 2.9 (14 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (3 ratings)

The World is Either Algorithmic or Mostly Random by Hector Zenil
158 posts  •  created by Hector Zenil   •  Feb. 8, 2011 @ 13:01 GMT
Community Rating: 5.2 (34 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.7 (39 ratings)

Something Else of Course! by Irvon Eugene Clear
10 posts  •  created by Irvon Eugene Clear   •  Feb. 8, 2011 @ 12:45 GMT
Community Rating: 1.6 (7 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (2 ratings)

A Digital Portal Into Our Understanding Of The Universe by Joseph Markell
11 posts  •  created by joseph markell   •  Feb. 8, 2011 @ 12:43 GMT
Community Rating: 2.5 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 2.7 (3 ratings)

The Distinct Nature of Physics and Cosmos by Thomas J. McFarlane
28 posts  •  created by Thomas J. McFarlane   •  Feb. 8, 2011 @ 12:34 GMT
Community Rating: 4.4 (24 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.7 (3 ratings)

The Chip in the Brain by Michael Thomas Deans
11 posts  •  created by Michael Thomas Deans   •  Feb. 8, 2011 @ 11:14 GMT
Community Rating: 3.1 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.6 (12 ratings)

Is Reality Digital or Analog? by Jeremy Horne
4 posts  •  created by Jeremy Horne   •  Feb. 8, 2011 @ 10:13 GMT
Community Rating: 2.7 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.0 (2 ratings)

Why the Speed of Light Is Invariant by Shan Gao
7 posts  •  created by Shan Gao   •  Feb. 8, 2011 @ 09:45 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 2.5 (2 ratings)

What Is Reality In the Context of Physics? by Georgina Parry
215 posts  •  created by Georgina Parry   •  Feb. 7, 2011 @ 15:58 GMT
Community Rating: 4.2 (31 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.6 (20 ratings)

Our Analog Universe by James A Putnam
41 posts  •  created by James A Putnam   •  Feb. 7, 2011 @ 12:03 GMT
Community Rating: 3.3 (16 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (2 ratings)

Ghostly Dimensions by Niklaus Buehlmann
16 posts  •  created by Niklaus Buehlmann   •  Feb. 4, 2011 @ 16:03 GMT
Community Rating: 2.8 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (2 ratings)

Continuous Spacetime From Discrete Holographic Models by Moshe Rozali
20 posts  •  created by Moshe Rozali   •  Feb. 4, 2011 @ 12:37 GMT
Community Rating: 5.0 (22 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.2 (10 ratings)

Quantum Vacuum Sustaining Force Model by Russell Jurgensen
37 posts  •  created by Russell Jurgensen   •  Feb. 4, 2011 @ 12:18 GMT
Community Rating: 3.3 (14 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.7 (12 ratings)

A Digital Solution to Cosmic Problems by Lamont Williams
17 posts  •  created by Lamont Williams   •  Feb. 4, 2011 @ 12:15 GMT
Community Rating: 3.1 (8 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.5 (15 ratings)

Continuum and Discrete Features of Nature From a Canonical Science Perspective by Juan R. González-Álvarez
14 posts  •  created by Juan Ramón González Álvarez   •  Feb. 4, 2011 @ 10:14 GMT
Community Rating: 3.4 (8 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.5 (13 ratings)

Is Reality Reducible to Thought? by Dan J. Bruiger
35 posts  •  created by Dan J. Bruiger   •  Feb. 4, 2011 @ 10:10 GMT
Community Rating: 3.6 (18 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.0 (3 ratings)

Digital and Analog Elements of Reality by Mikalai Birukou
5 posts  •  created by Mikalai Birukou   •  Feb. 2, 2011 @ 12:04 GMT
Community Rating: 3.3 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.5 (2 ratings)

The Three and a Half Layers of Dynamics: Analog, Digital, Semi-Digital, Analog by Tejinder Singh
43 posts  •  created by Tejinder Pal Singh   •  Feb. 2, 2011 @ 12:03 GMT
Community Rating: 5.1 (23 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.1 (15 ratings)

Is the Fundamental Nature of the Universe Knowable to Man on Earth at This Time by Paul N Butler
15 posts  •  created by Paul N Butler   •  Feb. 2, 2011 @ 11:06 GMT
Community Rating: 3.5 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (3 ratings)

Objective Reality of the Universe by Gagandeep Singh Bhatia
5 posts  •  created by Gagandeep Singh Bhatia   •  Feb. 2, 2011 @ 10:44 GMT
Community Rating: 3.2 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (3 ratings)

A Universe Invariant Numeral System by James R. Akerlund
13 posts  •  created by james r. akerlund   •  Feb. 2, 2011 @ 09:43 GMT
Community Rating: 1.6 (7 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.3 (3 ratings)

A Functional Virtual Reality by Efthimios Harokopos
45 posts  •  created by Efthimios Harokopos   •  Feb. 2, 2011 @ 09:43 GMT
Community Rating: 4.3 (25 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.4 (20 ratings)

Is Reality Digital or Analog? by Jarmo Matti Mäkelä
66 posts  •  created by Jarmo Matti Mäkelä   •  Feb. 1, 2011 @ 17:21 GMT
Community Rating: 5.2 (35 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.3 (20 ratings)

Is Reality Digital or Analog? A Discussion by Paul R Alexander
3 posts  •  created by Paul R Alexander   •  Feb. 1, 2011 @ 17:21 GMT
Community Rating: 2.6 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.3 (3 ratings)

Structure and Force by Patricio Valdes-Marin
4 posts  •  created by Patricio Valdes-Marin   •  Jan. 28, 2011 @ 12:52 GMT
Community Rating: 2.5 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (2 ratings)

The Cosmic Code by Gene T. Yerger
10 posts  •  created by Gene T. Yerger   •  Jan. 27, 2011 @ 11:02 GMT
Community Rating: 3.3 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (3 ratings)

Could Infinity Solve the Analog-Digital Dilemma? by Antonio Leon
9 posts  •  created by Antonio Leon   •  Jan. 26, 2011 @ 11:25 GMT
Community Rating: 3.5 (17 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.0 (2 ratings)

The Impossibility for the Universe to (Not) Exist by Anton W.M. Biermans
32 posts  •  created by Anton W.M. Biermans   •  Jan. 26, 2011 @ 10:45 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.7 (3 ratings)

Is Reality Digital or Analog? by John S Minkowski
15 posts  •  created by John S Minkowski   •  Jan. 26, 2011 @ 10:39 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (2 ratings)

Is Reality Digital Or Analog? Physics Is Undecided - A Beautiful Universe ToE Offers An Answer by Vladimir F. Tamari
77 posts  •  created by Vladimir F. Tamari   •  Jan. 26, 2011 @ 10:33 GMT
Community Rating: 4.6 (25 ratings)   Public Rating: 7.1 (14 ratings)

Discrete and Continuous Realities According to Fundamental Laws of Nature by Rafael Emmanuel Castel
103 posts  •  created by re castel   •  Jan. 26, 2011 @ 10:22 GMT
Community Rating: 3.7 (21 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.8 (15 ratings)

The Holographic Principle and the Digital Universe by Joakim David Munkhammar
13 posts  •  created by Joakim David Munkhammar   •  Jan. 26, 2011 @ 10:14 GMT
Community Rating: 4.1 (19 ratings)   Public Rating: 2.3 (3 ratings)

Continuation Causes Superior but Unrealistic Ambiguity by Eckard Blumschein
407 posts  •  created by Eckard Blumschein   •  Jan. 26, 2011 @ 09:58 GMT
Community Rating: 5.0 (28 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.6 (11 ratings)

Some Reasons Why We Cannot Believe In an Analog Reality by Thomas Sanford Wagner
30 posts  •  created by Thomas Sanford Wagner   •  Jan. 25, 2011 @ 14:44 GMT
Community Rating: 3.9 (16 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.5 (4 ratings)

Nature's Software by Daniel Canarutto
8 posts  •  created by Daniel Canarutto   •  Jan. 25, 2011 @ 12:57 GMT
Community Rating: 3.6 (18 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (5 ratings)

How To Build Holographic Spacetime by Johannes Vianney Koelman
11 posts  •  created by Johannes Vianney Koelman   •  Jan. 25, 2011 @ 11:53 GMT
Community Rating: 3.8 (15 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.3 (4 ratings)

Planck Units and Wave-Particle Duality by Malcolm J Macleod
15 posts  •  created by Malcolm Macleod   •  Jan. 25, 2011 @ 11:10 GMT
Community Rating: 3.1 (9 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (1 rating)

Photon Theory by Jason Mark Wolfe
111 posts  •  created by Jason Mark Wolfe   •  Jan. 24, 2011 @ 15:55 GMT
Community Rating: 4.3 (20 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.4 (7 ratings)

Can the Universe Be Completely Digitized? by Helmut Hansen
7 posts  •  created by Helmut Hansen   •  Jan. 24, 2011 @ 15:37 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.7 (6 ratings)

The Nature of Gravitational Singularities and a Heuristic Introduction to HBCS Cosmology by Dan T. Benedict
70 posts  •  created by Dan T Benedict   •  Jan. 24, 2011 @ 15:33 GMT
Community Rating: 4.4 (20 ratings)   Public Rating: 7.0 (11 ratings)

A Model for Digital Reality by Richard P Dolan
5 posts  •  created by Richard P Dolan   •  Jan. 24, 2011 @ 14:56 GMT
Community Rating: 2.8 (8 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.5 (2 ratings)

Reality is Digital, but its Perception as Digital or Analog Depends on the Perspective of the Observer by Roger Granet
18 posts  •  created by Roger Granet   •  Jan. 24, 2011 @ 14:36 GMT
Community Rating: 3.3 (11 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.6 (19 ratings)

Units of a Metric Tensor and Physical Interpretation of the Gravitational Constant by Boris Lev Hikin
3 posts  •  created by boris lev hikin   •  Jan. 24, 2011 @ 11:53 GMT
Community Rating: 2.5 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.5 (2 ratings)

Infinite Resolution by Cristinel Stoica
94 posts  •  created by Cristinel Stoica   •  Jan. 21, 2011 @ 14:59 GMT
Community Rating: 4.3 (25 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.6 (8 ratings)

Reality Is Ultimately Digital, and Its Program Is Still Undebugged by Tommaso Bolognesi
104 posts  •  created by Tommaso Bolognesi   •  Jan. 21, 2011 @ 14:54 GMT
Community Rating: 5.2 (30 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.2 (21 ratings)

Is Relativity the Holy Grail of Physics? by Robert Spoljaric
151 posts  •  created by Robert Spoljaric   •  Jan. 19, 2011 @ 15:53 GMT
Community Rating: 3.4 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.8 (5 ratings)

Establishing Light As a Wave by Pierre Jean-Daniel Loty
9 posts  •  created by Pierre Loty   •  Jan. 19, 2011 @ 15:48 GMT
Community Rating: 3.1 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.7 (3 ratings)

A Physicist's View of the Universe: A Philosophical Approach by Israel Omar Perez
99 posts  •  created by Israel Perez   •  Jan. 19, 2011 @ 15:32 GMT
Community Rating: 4.1 (17 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.3 (4 ratings)

Scales Solve the Continuous vs. Discrete Paradox by Ray B Munroe
226 posts  •  created by Ray B Munroe   •  Jan. 19, 2011 @ 15:32 GMT
Community Rating: 4.6 (23 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.6 (28 ratings)

Reality: Analog and Digital at the Same Time by Robert Paster
17 posts  •  created by Robert Paster   •  Jan. 19, 2011 @ 15:31 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (15 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.4 (5 ratings)

Steps Resulting From Digital Reality by Rodney Bartlett
30 posts  •  created by Rodney Bartlett   •  Jan. 19, 2011 @ 15:31 GMT
Community Rating: 2.5 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.7 (3 ratings)

The Most Beautiful Experiment of All Times by Stefan Weckbach
46 posts  •  created by Stefan Weckbach   •  Jan. 12, 2011 @ 15:38 GMT
Community Rating: 4.0 (21 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.6 (5 ratings)

Discrete Time and Kleinian Structures in Duality Between Spacetime and Particle Physics by Lawrence B Crowell
125 posts  •  created by Lawrence B Crowell   •  Jan. 12, 2011 @ 15:38 GMT
Community Rating: 4.6 (30 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.2 (21 ratings)

"Is Reality Digital or Analog?" by Mary Magdalene Bates
9 posts  •  created by Mary Magdalene Bates   •  Jan. 12, 2011 @ 15:37 GMT
Community Rating: 2.1 (7 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.2 (6 ratings)

Adinkra and Gnomon: The Necessary Bipartite Graph by Michael Jeub
54 posts  •  created by Michael Jeub   •  Jan. 12, 2011 @ 15:37 GMT
Community Rating: 2.6 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.5 (6 ratings)

What Can We Say About Nature? by Luigi Foschini
40 posts  •  created by Luigi Foschini   •  Jan. 5, 2011 @ 14:56 GMT
Community Rating: 4.5 (23 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.8 (5 ratings)

Exploring the Virtual Reality Conjecture by Brian Whitworth
109 posts  •  created by Brian Whitworth   •  Jan. 5, 2011 @ 11:50 GMT
Community Rating: 4.7 (27 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.4 (22 ratings)

Fluctuation and Superposition of Digital and Analog Aspects of Spacetime by Willard Mittelman
36 posts  •  created by Willard Mittelman   •  Jan. 3, 2011 @ 15:57 GMT
Community Rating: 3.6 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.7 (18 ratings)

Has the Time Come ...? by Ioannis Hadjidakis
52 posts  •  created by ioannis hadjidakis   •  Jan. 3, 2011 @ 15:57 GMT
Community Rating: 3.4 (15 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.5 (8 ratings)

2020 Vision. A Model of Discretion in Space by Peter A Jackson
341 posts  •  created by Peter Jackson   •  Jan. 3, 2011 @ 15:12 GMT
Community Rating: 5.2 (56 ratings)   Public Rating: 7.2 (35 ratings)

Comparing Apples to Inches by John Brodix Merryman
82 posts  •  created by John Brodix Merryman   •  Dec. 29, 2010 @ 16:01 GMT
Community Rating: 4.0 (24 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.8 (9 ratings)

The Analog-In, Digital-Out Universe by Edwin Eugene Klingman
391 posts  •  created by Edwin Eugene Klingman   •  Dec. 29, 2010 @ 16:01 GMT
Community Rating: 5.2 (45 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.6 (24 ratings)

A Universe Programmed with Strings of Qubits by Philip Gibbs
175 posts  •  created by Philip Gibbs   •  Dec. 29, 2010 @ 12:05 GMT
Community Rating: 5.1 (29 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.1 (19 ratings)

Is Reality Analog or Digital by Basudeba Mishra
67 posts  •  created by basudeba mishra   •  Dec. 29, 2010 @ 12:05 GMT
Community Rating: 3.0 (12 ratings)   Public Rating: 2.5 (2 ratings)

Theory of Everything by Sridattadev Kancharla
90 posts  •  created by sridattadev kancharla   •  Dec. 23, 2010 @ 15:57 GMT
Community Rating: 2.2 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 4.6 (10 ratings)

Nature Is Fundamentally Discrete But Our Basic Formalism Is Not by Lev Goldfarb
41 posts  •  created by Lev Goldfarb   •  Dec. 23, 2010 @ 15:54 GMT
Community Rating: 4.6 (22 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.0 (9 ratings)

One Possible Unifing Theory by Bashir Yusuf
16 posts  •  created by Bashir Yusuf   •  Dec. 17, 2010 @ 14:47 GMT
Community Rating: 2.3 (7 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.2 (9 ratings)

More Than Discrete or Continuous: A Bird's View by Marius Buliga
18 posts  •  created by Marius Buliga   •  Dec. 17, 2010 @ 14:47 GMT
Community Rating: 3.7 (18 ratings)   Public Rating: 5.3 (7 ratings)

Reality Identification by Joe Fisher
6 posts  •  created by Joe Fisher   •  Dec. 17, 2010 @ 14:47 GMT
Community Rating: 2.6 (10 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.0 (3 ratings)

Biology Goes Digital by Karl Coryat
48 posts  •  created by Karl H Coryat   •  Dec. 17, 2010 @ 14:47 GMT
Community Rating: 4.1 (15 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.5 (11 ratings)

Different Infinities and The Universe by Ryu Juno
6 posts  •  created by Ryu juno   •  Dec. 17, 2010 @ 14:47 GMT
Community Rating: 3.6 (13 ratings)   Public Rating: 3.4 (5 ratings)

What Mathematics Is Most Pertinent For Describing Nature? by Felix M Lev
65 posts  •  created by Felix M Lev   •  Dec. 17, 2010 @ 14:46 GMT
Community Rating: 4.2 (25 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.2 (13 ratings)

The Universe and Photons by Emmanuel Moulay
109 posts  •  created by Emmanuel Moulay   •  Dec. 17, 2010 @ 14:46 GMT
Community Rating: 3.7 (16 ratings)   Public Rating: 6.1 (12 ratings)

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